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Laboratory and field assessments were made on eighteen male distance runners. Performance data were obtained for distances of 3.2, 9.7, 15, 19.3 km (n = 18) and the marathon (n = 13). Muscle fiber composition expressed as percent of slow twitch fibers (%ST), maximal oxygen consumption (Vo2max), running economy (Vo2 for a treadmill velocity of 268 m/min),(More)
Physiological stress associated with muscle damage results in systemic insulin resistance. However, the mechanisms responsible for the insulin resistance are not known; therefore, the present study was conducted to elucidate the molecular mechanisms associated with insulin resistance after muscle damage. Muscle biopsies were obtained before (base) and at 1(More)
Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) levels were compared before and after submaximal and exhaustive isotonic exercise in six normally active college students (3 men and 3 women). Each subject participated in three experiments conducted at the same morning hour. Venous plasma was obtained before and immediately after 20-min runs at 65 and 80% of maximal O2(More)
Epinephrine responses to insulin-induced hypoglycemia have indicated that athletes have a higher adrenal medullary secretory capacity than untrained subjects. This view was tested by an exercise protocol aiming at identical stimulation of the adrenal medulla in the two groups. Eight athletes (T) and eight controls (C) ran 7 min at 60% maximal O2 consumption(More)
This study examined whether or not insulin elevates rates of protein synthesis in muscle following four days of resistance exercise in young (4-mo), middle-aged (12-mo), and old (32-mo) rats. Thirty-six male Fischer 344/BN F1 rats (n = 12 in each group) performed an operantly conditioned activity which required full extension of the hindlimbs with weights(More)
In this paper a singularly perturbed reaction-diffusion equation with a dis-continuous source term is examined. A numerical method is constructed for this problem which involves an appropriate piecewise-uniform mesh. The method is shown to be uniformly convergent with respect to the singular perturbation parameter. Numerical results are presented which(More)
—A singularly perturbed convection-diffusion problem, with a discontinuous convection coefficient and a singular perturbation parameter ε, is examined. Due to the discontinuity an interior layer appears in the solution. A finite difference method is constructed for solving this problem, which generates ε-uniformly convergent numerical approximations to the(More)
  • P A Farrell
  • 1985
The discovery of the endogenous opiates in the mid-1970's has led to a tremendous scientific effort attempting to determine the physiological role of these peptides. An increase in the peripheral plasma levels of beta-endorphin in humans after exercise has been noted by all investigators to date. This indication that the endogenous opiate system is(More)
In this paper singularly perturbed semilinear differential equations with a discontinuous source term are examined. A numerical method is constructed for these problems which involves an appropriate piecewise-uniform mesh. The method is shown to be uniformly convergent with respect to the singular perturbation parameter. Numerical results are presented that(More)