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Firing patterns of hippocampal complex-spike neurons were examined for the capacity to encode information important to the memory demands of a task even when the overt behavior and location of the animal are held constant. Neuronal activity was recorded as rats continuously alternated left and right turns from the central stem of a modified T maze.(More)
and more recently in animals as well (Eichenbaum, 1997). Furthermore, several recent electrophysiological McGill University Montreal PQH3A 1B1 studies have revealed properties of hippocampal neu-ronal firing patterns that are inconsistent with the notion Canada ‡ Department of Neuroscience and Neurology of a cognitive map and indicate a broader scope of(More)
Recent work has shown that lesions of the hippocampus in monkeys cause deficits in the capacity to remember increasing numbers of objects, colors, and spatial locations (). However, others have observed that hippocampectomized monkeys can show intact memory for a list of objects or locations (). We wished to explore the effects of hippocampal damage on the(More)
The hippocampus encodes both spatial and nonspatial aspects of a rat's ongoing behavior at the single-cell level. In this study, we examined the encoding of intended destination by hippocampal (CA1) place cells during performance of a serial reversal task on a double Y-maze. On the maze, rats had to make two choices to access one of four possible goal(More)
In humans the hippocampal region of the brain is crucial for declarative or episodic memory for a broad range of materials. In contrast, there has been controversy over whether the hippocampus mediates a similarly general memory function in other species, or whether it is dedicated to spatial memory processing. Evidence for the spatial view is derived(More)
The occurrence of cells that encode spatial location (place cells) or head direction (HD cells) in the rat limbic system suggests that these cell types are important for spatial navigation. We sought to determine whether place fields of hippocampal CA1 place cells would be altered in animals receiving lesions of brain areas containing HD cells. Rats(More)
In rodents, working memory is a representation of an object, stimulus, or spatial location that is typically used within a testing session, but not between sessions, to guide behaviour. In this review we consider a number of the tasks used to assess this type of memory in the rodent, and highlight some of their limitations. Although the concept of working(More)
Animals require information about their location and directional heading in order to navigate. Directional information is provided by a population of cells in the postsubiculum and the anterior thalamic nuclei that encode a very accurate, continual representation of the animal's directional heading in the horizontal plane, which is independent of the(More)
This study assessed the activity of head direction (HD) cells during performance of a spatial reference memory task on a radial arm maze. Rats were trained to select a maze arm located in a constant position in relation to a salient extramaze visual landmark. HD cell discharge properties remained relatively stable across task acquisition in most rats.(More)