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PURPOSE The phase III Iressa Survival Evaluation in Lung Cancer (ISEL) trial compared gefitinib with placebo in 1,692 patients with refractory advanced non-small-cell lung cancer. We analyzed ISEL tumor biopsy samples to examine relationships between biomarkers and clinical outcome after gefitinib treatment in a placebo-controlled setting. METHODS(More)
Overexpression of the Her-2/neu oncogene and receptor protein was reported in approximately 20% of breast cancers and was associated with a poor prognosis. Her-2/neu expression was a predictor for response to trastuzumab, a monoclonal antibody that recognizes the Her-2/neu cell surface receptor. Data regarding the expression of Her-2/neu in lung cancer are(More)
The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is overexpressed in the majority of non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLC). EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors, such as gefitinib and erlotinib, produce 9% to 27% response rates in NSCLC patients. E-Cadherin, a calcium-dependent adhesion molecule, plays an important role in NSCLC prognosis and progression, and interacts(More)
Small cell lung cancers (SCLCs), many non-SCLCs, and other cancers have neuroendocrine features, including paracrineand autocrine growth stimulation by various neuropeptides. Interference with this pathway is an attractive target for novel therapies. We developed a novel bradykinin antagonist dimer, CU201 (B9870), that acts as a "biased agonist" for(More)
BACKGROUND Some but not all patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) respond to treatment with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs). We developed and tested the ability of a predictive algorithm based on matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization (MALDI) mass spectrometry (MS) analysis of pretreatment serum to(More)
Serum neuron-specific enolase (NSE) levels in 94 newly diagnosed untreated patients with small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) were compared with those in 30 adult controls. 38 of the SCLC patients had limited disease and 56 had extensive disease. Serum NSE was raised (greater than 12.0 ng/ml) in 69% of all patients (mean 52.35 +/- 11.56, range 4.1-850 ng/ml); it(More)
HER-2/neu gene amplification and cell surface overexpression are important factors in breast cancer for prognosis and prediction of sensitivity to anti-HER-2/neu monoclonal antibody therapy. In lung cancer, the clinical significance of HER-2/neu expression is currently under evaluation. We investigated 238 non-small lung carcinomas for HER-2/neu protein(More)
The modest response of patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) and non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) to epithelial growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors such as gefitinib and erlotinib indicates the need for the development of biomarkers to predict response. We determined gefitinib sensitivity in a panel of HNSCC cell(More)