Paul A. Broady

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The aim of this investigation was to provide a general description of the biota and environment of fumarolic ground close to the summit (2733 m) of Mt Melbourne. Heat flow through the ground was examined and analyses made of the physico-chemical properties of the soil. Bryophyte vegetation comprisedCampylopus pyriformis (K.F. Schultz) Brid. andCephaloziella(More)
Trebouxiophytes of the genus Prasiola are well known in Antarctica, where they are among the most important primary producers. Although many aspects of their biology have been thoroughly investigated, the scarcity of molecular data has so far prevented an accurate assessment of their taxonomy and phylogenetic position. Using sequences of the chloroplast(More)
Terrestrial algae have been studied at widespread Antarctic localities. However, their diversity is not fully known as often collections have not been made from all habitats and techniques have been inadequate for recognition of the total flora. Identifications can be unreliable and are often left at generic level. Despite this it seems that they largely(More)
 The Ward Hunt Ice Shelf (83°N, 74°W) is the largest remaining section of thick (>10 m) landfast sea ice along the northern coastline of Ellesmere Island, Canada. Extensive meltwater lakes and streams occur on the surface of the ice and are colonized by photosynthetic microbial mat communities. This High Arctic cryo-ecosystem is similar in several of its(More)
Xanthophyceae are a group of heterokontophyte algae. Few molecular studies have investigated the evolutionary history and phylogenetic relationships of this class. We sequenced the nuclear-encoded SSU rDNA and chloroplast-encoded rbcL genes of several xanthophycean species from different orders, families, and genera. Neither SSU rDNA nor rbcL genes show(More)
Antarctica has some of the harshest environmental conditions for existence of life on Earth. In this pilot study we recovered eight diverse circular single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) viral genome sequences (1904-3120 nts) from benthic mats dominated by filamentous cyanobacteria in a freshwater pond on the McMurdo Ice Shelf sampled in 1988. All genomes contain two(More)
The stramenopile class Xanthophyceae has been variously divided into two to seven orders. Previous molecular phylogenetic analyses of the class have had limited taxon/gene sampling or have focused on particular taxa. Despite these limitations para-polyphyletic groups have been identified at different taxonomic ranks. To investigate the phylogeny of the(More)
Strains of Heterococcus endolithicus sp. nov., H. pleurococcoides Pitschmann, H. caespitosus Vischer, and H. protonematoides Vischer isolated from terrestrial habitats in Antarctica were studied in culture. Morphology of the algae changes with stage in life history. The characteristic branching patterns are not present in very young or old cultures. (More)
Distribution patterns are presented for selected aquatic algae, and terrestrial algae, mosses and lichens, at three large, coastal ice-free regions on Ross Island. Each region is unique in certain aspects of its vegetation. The variation in areal and quantitative occurrence of different components of the vegetation in diverse ponds and streams, and over(More)
The diet of the collembolanGomphiocephalus hodgsoni was investigated by microscopic examination of the contents of 197 faecal pellets and 32 guts collected at Cape Geology, Victoria Land, Antarctica. Animals came from nine contrasting microhabitats, ranging from mineral soils to bryophyte cushions. Thirty-two different types of ingested material were(More)