Paul A. Bottomley

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Accurate and robust quantification of in vivo magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) data is essential to its application in research and medicine. The performance of existing analysis methods is problematic for in vivo studies where low signal-to-noise ratio, overlapping peaks and intense artefacts are endemic. Here, a new frequency-domain technique for MRS(More)
Circular loops are the most common MR detectors. Loop arrays offer improved signal-to-noise ratios (SNRs) and spatial resolution, and enable parallel imaging. As loop size decreases, loop noise increases relative to sample noise, ultimately dominating the SNR. Here, relative noise contributions from the sample and the coil are quantified by a coil noise(More)
BACKGROUND The thickness of fibrous caps (FCT) of atherosclerotic lesions is a critical factor affecting plaque vulnerability to rupture. This study tests whether 3 Tesla high-resolution intravascular cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) employing tiny loopless detectors can identify lesions and accurately measure FCT in human arterial specimens, and(More)
Destructive interference from phase fluctuations caused by motion during (1)H magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) stimulated-echo acquisition mode (STEAM) and point-resolved spectroscopy (PRESS) acquisitions can significantly diminish the traditional radicalN-gain in signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) afforded by averaging N signals, especially in the torso. The(More)
A three-axis uniplanar gradient coil was designed and built to provide order-of-magnitude increases in gradient strength of up to 500 mT/m on the x- and y-axes, and 1000 mT/m for the z-axis at 640 A input over a limited FOV ( approximately 16 cm) for superficial regions, compared to conventional gradient coils, with significant gradient strengths extending(More)
—Temperature detection using microwave radiom-etry has proven value for noninvasively measuring the absolute temperature of tissues inside the body. However, current clinical radiometers operate in the gigahertz range, which limits their depth of penetration. We have designed and built a noninvasive radiometer which operates at radio frequencies (64 MHz)(More)
The homogeneity and stability of the static magnetic field are of paramount importance to the accuracy of MR procedures that are sensitive to phase errors and magnetic field inhomogeneity. It is shown that intense gradient utilization in clinical horizontal-bore superconducting MR scanners of three different vendors results in main magnetic fields that vary(More)
T he universality of design perception and response is tested using data collected from 10 countries: A Bayesian, finite-mixture, structural equation model is developed that identifies latent logo clusters while accounting for heterogeneity in evaluations. The concomitant variable approach allows cluster probabilities to be country specific. Rather than a(More)