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Spatial localization techniques are necessary for in vivo NMR spectroscopy involving heterogeneous organisms. Localization by surface coil NMR detection alone is generally inadequate for deep-lying organs due to contaminating signals from intervening surface tissues. However, localization to preselected planar volumes can be accomplished using a single(More)
BACKGROUND Preserved energy metabolism is essential for myocardial viability and the creatine kinase reaction is central to energy production and reserve. Although the appearance of myocardial creatine kinase enzyme in the blood is widely used to diagnose cardiac necrosis, there are no non-invasive ways to measure local creatine concentrations in the(More)
The longitudinal (T1) and transverse (T2) hydrogen (1H) nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) relaxation times of normal human and animal tissue in the frequency range 1-100 MHz are compiled and reviewed as a function of tissue type, NMR frequency, temperature, species, in vivo versus in vitro status, time after excision, and age. The dominant observed factors(More)
Noninvasive measurements of high-energy phosphate metabolism in the anterior myocardium of heart patients are now possible with image-guided, localized nuclear magnetic resonance (MR) spectroscopy. The results, reviewed herein, are largely consistent with those of prior animal studies. Quantification with phosphorus-31 MR yields normal phosphocreatine (PCr)(More)
Myocardial high-energy phosphate metabolism in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) of ischemic or idiopathic etiology was assessed at rest by one-dimensional phase-encoded 31P-nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy studies performed in conjunction with 1H imaging in 20 patients with DCM and in 12 normal volunteers. The measured values of(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the diagnostic value of proton magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging (MRSI) in patients with breast lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS Eighteen patients underwent breast MRSI and MRI at 1.5 T. Contrast-enhanced MR was used to identify the lesion, after which single-slice MRSI (TR/TE = 2000/272 msec, 10-mm slice thickness) was(More)
The heart consumes more energy per gram than any other organ, and the creatine kinase (CK) reaction serves as its prime energy reserve. Because chemical energy is required to fuel systolic and diastolic function, the question of whether the failing heart is "energy starved" has been debated for decades. Despite the central role of the CK reaction in cardiac(More)
PURPOSE To use sodium 23 magnetic resonance (MR) imaging to quantify noninvasively total sodium in human muscle and to apply the technique in exercise and musculoskeletal disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS Total [Na] sodium was determined from the ratio of the relaxation-corrected (23)Na signal intensities measured from short echo-time (0.4 msec) (23)Na(More)
A nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) imaging system signal-to-noise calibration technique based on an NMR projection of distilled water in a cylindrical bottle is proposed. This measurement can characterize any arrangement of rf coils in any magnetic field as signal to noise per ml times root Hz. Inductive losses in a typical patient must be included in the(More)
T1 is often ill-determined. This means that an Ernst angle excitation often cannot be precisely defined for the simple pulse and acquire experiment. Here, published 31P T1 values of metabolites in human muscle, liver, heart, and brain are archived, some new data on heart and brain added, and overall confidence intervals determined. Strategies for setting(More)