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BACKGROUND Preserved energy metabolism is essential for myocardial viability and the creatine kinase reaction is central to energy production and reserve. Although the appearance of myocardial creatine kinase enzyme in the blood is widely used to diagnose cardiac necrosis, there are no non-invasive ways to measure local creatine concentrations in the(More)
We have developed a method that can measure high-energy phosphate metabolite concentrations in humans with 1D resolved surface-coil NMR spectroscopy. The metabolites are measured by phosphorus (31P) NMR spectroscopy, and the tissue water proton (1H) resonance from the same volume serves as an internal concentration reference. The method requires only the(More)
The degree of practice effects with the Brief NIMH Neuropsychological Battery for HIV Infection and AIDS is reported using a 7-10 day test-retest interval. The patient groups were asymptomatic and symptomatic of HIV while the control group was made up of "at risk" volunteers. Statistically significant practice effects were obtained on the California Verbal(More)
T he universality of design perception and response is tested using data collected from 10 countries: A Bayesian, finite-mixture, structural equation model is developed that identifies latent logo clusters while accounting for heterogeneity in evaluations. The concomitant variable approach allows cluster probabilities to be country specific. Rather than a(More)
Potentially important diagnostic information about atherosclerosis can be obtained by using magnetic resonance imaging and spectroscopy techniques. Because critical vessels such as the aorta, coronary arteries, and renal arteries are not near the surface of the body, surface coils are not adequate to increase the data quality to desired levels. A few(More)
Destructive interference from phase fluctuations caused by motion during (1)H magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) stimulated-echo acquisition mode (STEAM) and point-resolved spectroscopy (PRESS) acquisitions can significantly diminish the traditional radicalN-gain in signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) afforded by averaging N signals, especially in the torso. The(More)
Circular loops are the most common MR detectors. Loop arrays offer improved signal-to-noise ratios (SNRs) and spatial resolution, and enable parallel imaging. As loop size decreases, loop noise increases relative to sample noise, ultimately dominating the SNR. Here, relative noise contributions from the sample and the coil are quantified by a coil noise(More)
Calculations of the sensitivity of the saturation recovery and inversion recovery pulse sequences used in nuclear magnetic resonance imaging show the former to be superior in discriminating between tissues with the same proton density but different T1's. Two other pulse sequences, which are combinations of the above, have also been analyzed. These have(More)
The recently introduced planar strip array (PSA) can significantly reduce scan times in parallel MRI by enabling the utilization of a large number of RF strip detectors that are inherently decoupled, and are tuned by adjusting the strip length to integer multiples of a quarter-wavelength (lambda/4) in the presence of a ground plane and dielectric substrate.(More)