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AIM To identify incidence of school and behaviour problems at age 7 years in children born between 32 and 35 weeks gestation, and investigate perinatal risk factors. METHOD The study population consisted of all children born at 32-35 weeks gestation to mothers resident in Oxfordshire in 1990. General practitioners, parents, and teachers were asked about(More)
Phosphorus (31P) nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy was used to study intracellular metabolism in the brains of 6 normal newborn infants and 10 infants who had been asphyxiated during delivery. In the normal infants spectral peaks mainly attributable to adenosine triphosphate, phosphocreatine (PCr), phosphodiesters plus phospholipids, and inorganic(More)
Intracellular metabolism in the brains of seven infants, born at 33-40 weeks' gestation and aged 44 h to 17 days, was studied on fourteen occasions by phosphorus nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (31P NMRS). The characteristic spectral peaks of ATP, phosphocreatine (PCr), phosphodiesters, and inorganic orthophosphate (Pi) were always detected,(More)
Abnormalities detected by a mechanical sector scanner were compared 'blind' with autopsy findings in the brains of 56 infants born at less than 33 weeks gestation. Intraventricular haemorrhage was found in 53 of 112 hemispheres and had been accurately diagnosed by ultrasound (sensitivity 91 per cent; specificity 81 per cent). Isolated germinal layer(More)
The neurodevelopmental status of 342 very preterm infants who had undergone prospective ultrasound brainscans was assessed at a median corrected age of 52 weeks. The probabilities for neurodevelopmental disorders were calculated according to the ultrasound findings. The results showed that the probability of a major or minor disorder was low for infants(More)
This study was performed to find out how well ultrasound brain-scanning and neurological examination of very preterm infants, together and separately, predicted normal neurodevelopmental progress at 12 months corrected age. 111 infants born at less than 33 weeks gestation were scanned at discharge from the neonatal unit, and neurological examinations were(More)
Intracellular energy metabolism was studied by phosphorus magnetic resonance spectroscopy in the brains of 27 preterm and term infants with increased echodensities consistent with hypoxic-ischaemic injury and 18 comparable normal infants. In the normal infants the phosphocreatine (PCr)/inorganic orthophosphate (Pi) ratio increased significantly from 0.77(More)
The brains of 95 consecutively admitted infants born at less than 33 weeks gestation were scanned with ultrasound. Thirty-six (38%) had periventricular haemorrhage (PVH). Eight (8%) had cerebral atrophy (together with PVH in 5). Twelve (40%) of the 30 infants in whom satisfactory timing of PVH was possible bled on the first day of life, but the median age(More)
An infant with dysmorphic features was born to an epileptic mother who had taken phenytoin and sodium valproate throughout pregnancy. The infant began to have intractable seizures 10 minutes after delivery, and retrospective reports from the mother suggested they may have occurred in utero. Ultrasound examination of the brain showed a very wide subarachnoid(More)
Brain metabolism and intracellular pH were studied during and after episodes of incomplete cerebral ischaemia in lambs under sodium pentobarbitone anaesthesia. 31P and 1H magnetic resonance spectroscopy was used to monitor brain pHi and brain concentrations of inorganic phosphate (Pi), phosphocreatine (PCr), beta-nucleoside triphosphate (beta NTP), and(More)