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The inhibition of prostaglandin (PG) synthesis is at the center of current anti-inflammatory therapies. Because cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitors and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) inhibit the formation of multiple PGs, there is currently a strong focus on characterizing the role of the different PGs in the inflammation process and(More)
Microsomal prostaglandin E synthase-1 (mPGES-1) is a terminal prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) synthase in the cyclooxygenase pathway. Inhibitors of mPGES-1 may block PGE(2) production and relieve inflammatory symptoms. To test the hypothesis, we evaluated the antipyretic and analgesic properties of a novel and selective mPGES-1 inhibitor, MF63(More)
Previous evidence has implicated E prostanoid receptor 4 (EP4) in mechanical hyperalgesia induced by subplantar inflammation. However, its role in chronic arthritis remains to be further defined because previous attempts have generated two conflicting lines of evidence, with one showing a marked reduction of arthritis induced by a collagen antibody in mice(More)
Elevated levels of prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) are often found in colorectal cancers. Thus, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, including selective cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitors, are among the most promising chemopreventive agents for colorectal cancer. However, their long-term use is restricted by the occurrence of adverse events believed to be(More)
Prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) plays an important role in the normal physiology of many organ systems. Increased levels of this lipid mediator are associated with many disease states, and it potently regulates inflammatory responses. Three enzymes capable of in vitro synthesis of PGE(2) from the cyclooxygenase metabolite PGH(2) have been described. Here, we(More)
OBJECTIVE Prostaglandins (PGs) are found in high levels in the synovial fluid of patients with rheumatoid arthritis, and nonsteroidal blockade of these bioactive lipids plays a role in patient care. The aim of this study was to explore the relative contribution of cyclooxygenase (COX) isoforms and PG species in the autoantibody-driven K/BxN serum-transfer(More)
A novel series of EP(4) ligands, based on a benzyl indoline scaffold, has been discovered. It was found that agonism and antagonism in this series can be easily modulated by minor modifications on the benzyl group. The pharmacokinetic, metabolic and pharmacological profiles of these compounds was explored. It was found that these compounds show good(More)
The mammary gland, like most tissues, produces measurable amounts of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), a metabolite of arachidonic acid produced by sequential actions of two cyclooxygenases (COX-1 and COX-2) and three terminal PGE synthases: microsomal prostaglandin E2 synthase-1 (mPGES1), mPGES2, and cytosolic prostaglandin E2 synthase (cPGES). High PGE2 levels and(More)
Prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) is a major mediator of inflammation and is present at high concentrations in the synovial fluid of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. PGE(2), acting through the EP4 receptor, has both pro- and anti-inflammatory roles in vivo. To shed light on this dual role of PGE(2), we investigated its effects in whole blood and in primary(More)