Patsy B Cipolloni

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The cytoarchitecture and connections of the caudal cingulate and medial somatosensory areas were investigated in the rhesus monkey. There is a stepwise laminar differentiation starting from retrosplenial area 30 towards the isocortical regions of the medial parietal cortex. This includes a gradational emphasis on supragranular laminar organization and(More)
Nitric oxide may be a key mediator of excitotoxic neuronal injury in the central nervous system. We examined the effects of the neuronal nitric oxide synthase inhibitor 7-nitroindazole (7-NI) on excitotoxic striatal lesions. 7-NI significantly attenuated lesions produced by intrastriatal injections of NMDA, but not kainic acid or(More)
Recent evidence has linked excitotoxicity with the generation of free radicals. We examined whether free radical spin traps can attenuate excitotoxic lesions in vivo. Pretreatment with N-tert-butyl-alpha-(2-sulfophenyl)-nitrone (S-PBN) significantly attenuated striatal excitotoxic lesions in rats produced by N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA), kainic acid, and(More)
The cytoarchitecture and cortical connections of the anterior cingulate, medial and dorsal premotor, and precentral region are investigated using the Nissl and NeuN staining methods and the fluorescent retrograde tract tracing technique. There is a gradual stepwise laminar change in the cytoarchitectonic organization from the proisocortical anterior(More)
A number of experimental and theoretical reports have suggested that the ponto-geniculo-occipital (PGO) wave-generating cells are involved in the generation of rapid eye movement (REM) sleep and REM sleep dependent cognitive functions. No studies to date have examined anatomical projections from PGO-generating cells to those brain structures involved in REM(More)
The connections of the frontoparietal opercular areas were studied in rhesus monkeys by using antero- and retrograde tracer techniques. The rostral opercular cortex including the gustatory and proisocortical motor (ProM) areas is connected with precentral areas 3, 1, and 2 as well as with the rostral portion of the opercular area which resembles the second(More)
When the corpus callosum of the rat is sectioned, the callosal fibres in the cerebral cortex undergo degeneration. In the auditory cortex (area 41) the degenerating axon terminals form asymmetric synapses, and the vast majority of them synapse with dendritic spines. Some other synapse with the shafts of both spiny and smooth dendrites, and a few with the(More)
Excitotoxin lesions induced by quinolinic acid (QA) were made unilaterally in the caudate nucleus and putamen of 12 rhesus monkeys. Both acute (2-3 weeks) and chronic (4-6 months) effects were evaluated. Excitotoxin striatal lesions were characterized by a central zone of intense astrogliosis and marked neuronal depletion, which was surrounded by a(More)
The topography and trajectories of the commissural fibers of the superior temporal region (STR) are studied using the autoradiographic technique. The superior temporal region is connected with the opposite cerebral hemisphere by way of two commissures. The rostral third of the supratemporal plane (STP) and superior temporal gyrus (STG) sends commissural(More)
The anterograde transport and immunohistochemical demonstration of the lectin, Phaseolus vulgaris-leucoagglutinin (PHA-L) has been used to label thalamocortical axon terminals in barrels of mouse SmI cortex. The reaction product is visible with both the light and electron microscopes so that the distribution of axons and the types of synapses they form can(More)