Patrizia Sommi

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The mechanisms by which Helicobacter pylori releases its virulence factors are poorly known. Active secretion has been proposed for some products, including a vacuolating toxin (VacA). Outer membrane vesicles represent another mechanism by which some Gram-negative bacteria may release virulence factors. This study sought to localize VacA by(More)
We used antibody microinjection and genetic manipulations to dissect the various roles of the homotetrameric kinesin-5, KLP61F, in astral, centrosome-controlled Drosophila embryo spindles and to test the hypothesis that it slides apart interpolar (ip) microtubules (MT), thereby controlling poleward flux and spindle length. In wild-type and Ncd null mutant(More)
Infection with Helicobacter pylori is responsible for gastritis and gastroduodenal ulcers but is also a high risk factor for the development of gastric adenocarcinoma and lymphoma. The most pathogenic H. pylori strains (i.e., the so-called type I strains) associate the CagA virulence protein with an active VacA cytotoxin but the rationale for this(More)
Anaphase B in Drosophila embryos is initiated by the inhibition of microtubule (MT) depolymerization at spindle poles, which allows outwardly sliding interpolar (ip) MTs to drive pole-pole separation. Using fluorescence recovery after photobleaching, we observed that MTs throughout the preanaphase B spindle are very dynamic and display complete recovery of(More)
Mitotic spindle morphogenesis depends upon the action of microtubules (MTs), motors and the cell cortex. Previously, we proposed that cortical- and MT-based motors acting alone can coordinate early spindle assembly in Drosophila embryos. Here, we tested this model using microscopy of living embryos to analyze spindle pole separation, cortical(More)
Helicobacter pylori has been suggested to play a role in the development of gastric carcinoma in humans. Also, mounting evidence indicates that cyclooxygenase-2 overexpression is associated with gastrointestinal carcinogenesis. We studied the effect of H. pylori on the expression and activity of cyclooxygenase-1 and cyclooxygenase-2 in MKN 28 gastric(More)
This study explored the relationship between vacuolating toxin and ammonia in the genesis of Helicobacter pylori-induced vacuolation in cultured human gastric cells and investigated the intracellular sites of toxin accumulation. Neutral red dye uptake and electron microscopy were used in the investigation of the respective roles of, and of the reciprocal(More)
The vacuolating toxin A (VacA) is one of the most important virulence factors in Helicobacter pylori-induced damage to human gastric epithelium. Using human gastric epithelial cells in culture and broth culture filtrate from a VacA-producing H. pylori strain, we studied 1) the delivery of VacA to cells, 2) the localization and fate of internalized toxin,(More)
Helicobacter pylori infection is associated with inflammation of the gastric mucosa and with gastric mucosal damage. In this study, we sought to test the hypothesis that two H. pylori virulence factors (VacA and CagA) impair gastric epithelial cell migration and proliferation, the main processes involved in gastric mucosal healing in vivo. Human gastric(More)
Acute exposure to Helicobacter pylori causes cell damage and impairs the processes of cell migration and proliferation in cultured gastric mucosal cells in vitro. EGF-related growth factors play a major role in protecting gastric mucosa against injury, and are involved in the process of gastric mucosal healing. We therefore studied the acute effect of H.(More)