Patrizia Pesente

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Early cases of colibacillosis with omphalitis, yolk sac infection and increased mortality were observed in five broiler chicken flocks (A1, A2, A3, A4 and B1) from two broiler breeder flocks A and B, respectively. Avian pathogenic Escherichia Coli (APEC) serotype O78, Fim/Tsh/Iuc pathotype, were isolated from flocks A, A1, A2, A3 and A4, and APEC serotype(More)
Rapid identification and detection of Oenococcus oeni was achieved by species-specific PCR. Two primers flanking a 1025 bp region of the O. oeni gene encoding the malolactic enzyme were designed. The expected DNA amplificate was obtained only when purified DNA from O. oeni was used. The identity of PCR product was confirmed by nested PCR and restriction(More)
We investigated the dynamics of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) variability in a range of swine PRRS-positive farms located in Northern Italy, to provide insights into the epidemiology and diffusion of the virus, particularly throughout the entire swine production chain. In this context, we also examined the effectiveness and the(More)
Over a period of almost two years, broilers chickens on several hundred Italian farms, were monitored for infectious bronchitis virus. Detections were genotyped using a hypervariable region of the gene coding for the S1 segment of the spike protein. A range of genotypes were detected which comprised QX, Q1, Mass, D274 and 793B. Sequences of 793B viruses(More)
A distinctive infectious bursal disease (IBD) virus genotype (ITA) was detected in IBD-live vaccinated broilers in Italy without clinical signs of IBD. It was isolated in specific-pathogen-free eggs and molecularly characterized in the hypervariable region of the virus protein (VP) 2. Phylogenetic analysis showed that ITA strains clustered separately from(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate if the exposure to Avian metapneumovirus (aMPV) and/or to Turkey hemorrhagic enteritis virus (THEV) was significant for the induction of episodes of colibacillosis in aMPV and THEV vaccinated turkeys. Colibacillosis-associated mortality was recorded and longitudinal virological studies performed in three consecutive(More)
This study investigated the occurrence of avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC) in a finishing turkey commercial farm, carrying out longitudinal surveys involving 3 consecutive flocks. The diversity and the distribution of the E. coli strains detected during colisepticemia outbreaks were examined. The strains were isolated, serogrouped, assessed for the(More)
It has been proposed that intracellular carrier proteins mediate active transport of the bile acids within hepatocytes and ileocytes, during the enterohepatic circulation. In mammalian species only ileal bile acid binding proteins have been so far identified, while liver cytosolic carriers have never been found. On the contrary, in non-mammalian(More)
Live vaccines predominantly control avian metapneumovirus (aMPV) infection in poultry flocks, but vaccine virus can be found for extended periods after application. The most frequently used aMPV vaccine in Italy, VCO3 subtype B, was shown to contain a unique Tru9I restriction endonuclease site within the amplicons produced by a commonly used aMPV diagnostic(More)
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