Patrizia Morena Baldini

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Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), a pleiotropic cytokine of mesenchymal origin promoting migration, proliferation, and survival in a wide spectrum of cells, can also modulate different biological responses in stem cells, but the mechanisms involved are not completely understood so far. In this context, we show that short-term exposure of mesenchymal stem(More)
The aim of the present work was to study the effect of the atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) on the Na/H antiport in rat aorta smooth muscle cells, evaluated as intracellular pH (pHi) recovery after an acid load with ammonium chloride. The Na/H antiport was studied using a fluorescent probe, sensitive to pHi, 2',7'-bis(carboxyethyl)-5(6)-carboxyfluorescein.(More)
Sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P), a polar sphingolipid metabolite, is involved in a wide spectrum of biological processes, including Ca(++) mobilization, cell growth, differentiation, motility, and cytoskeleton organization. Here, we show a novel role of S1P in the induction of antimicrobial activity in human macrophages that leads to the intracellular killing(More)
AIMS The present study was performed to evaluate Atrial Natriuretic Peptide (ANP) effects on intracellular pH, phospholipase D and ROS production and the possible relationship among them in HepG2 cells. Cancer extracellular microenvironment is more acidic than normal tissues and the activation of NHE-1, the only system able to regulate pHi homeostasis in(More)
The atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) at physiological levels reduced the proliferation of highly metastatic murine (B16-F10) and human (SK-MEL 110) melanoma cell lines whereas rat aortic smooth muscle (RASM) cells were unaffected. In RASM cells, the levels of proliferation markers (putrescine, spermidine and spermine) increase after 24 h of epidermal growth(More)
Pertussis toxin (PTX) is an exotoxin produced by Bordetella pertussis. It is known to exert adjuvant activities inducing Th1-launched immune responses. In this study, we show that PTX can selectively block the expression of CD1a isoform during the differentiation of human monocytes into dendritic cells. In fact, dendritic cells differentiated from monocytes(More)
The Na+-pumping activity of the erythrocyte plasma membrane in diabetic subjects was studied together with the lipid composition. Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) patients (n = 25) were divided into young (28.1 +/- 7.4 yr old, mean +/- SD; n = 16) and old (7.17 +/- 9.8 yr old; n = 10) subjects; the age of non-insulin-dependent (NIDDM) patients was(More)
We have investigated the mechanism of action by which insulin increases phosphatidate (PA) and diacylglycerol (DAG) levels in cultured rat hepatocytes. Insulin initially stimulated phosphatidylcholine-dependent phospholipase D (PC-PLD) with a significant increase in both PA and intracellular as well as extracellular choline. The involvement of phospholipase(More)
Brain Natriuretic Peptide (BNP), besides retaining vasodilatory, diuretic and natriuretic properties, is a vasoactive hormone that it is also involved in several cardiac diseases as well as severe sepsis and septic shock. All these conditions are characterized by an ongoing inflammatory response consisting in a complex interaction of pleiotropic mediators(More)
Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), a cardiovascular hormone, elicits different biological actions in the immune system. The aim of the present work was to study the effect of ANP on the intracellular pH (pHi) of human monocytes and macrophages and to investigate whether pHi changes could play a role on phospholipase activities and reactive oxygen species(More)