Patrizia Larghero

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Although microRNAs (miRNA) have extensively been investigated in cancer research, less attention has been paid to their regulation by carcinogens and/or protective factors in early stages of the carcinogenesis process. The present study was designed to evaluate the modulation of mRNA expression as related to exposure of neonatal mice to environmental(More)
We have investigated alterations of microRNA expression profiles in the apparently healthy lung of mice and rats as an early response to exposure to cigarette smoke, either mainstream (MCS) or environmental, and/or to treatment with chemopreventive agents. Further on, we evaluated microRNA alterations at a later stage, when lung tumors were detectable in(More)
Our previous studies demonstrated that exposure to cigarette smoke (CS), either mainstream or environmental, results in a remarkable downregulation of microRNA expression in the lung of both mice and rats. The goals of the present study were to evaluate the dose responsiveness to CS and the persistence of microRNA alterations after smoking cessation. ICR(More)
Lipoic acid (LA) is a sulfated antioxidant produced physiologically as a coenzyme of the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex; it is currently used for treatment of non-insulin-dependent diabetes to favor the cellular uptake of glucose. We have previously described the angiopreventive potential of molecules sharing common features with LA: N-acetyl cysteine,(More)
Several studies demonstrated a relevant role of polymorphisms located within the HLA-B and -C loci and the Killer Immunoglobulin Receptors (KIRs) 3DL1 and 3DS1 in controlling HIV-1 replication. KIRs are regulatory receptors expressed at the surface of NK and CD8+ T-cells that specifically bind HLA-A and -B alleles belonging to the Bw4 supratype and all the(More)
The induction of programmed cell death in premalignant or malignant cancer cells by chemopreventive agents could be a valuable tool to control prostate cancer initiation and progression. In this work, we present evidence that the C-28 methyl ester of the synthetic oleanane triterpenoid 2-cyano-3,12-dioxooleana-1,9(11)-dien-28-oic acid (CDDO-Me) induces cell(More)
Interferon (IFN)-alpha is a cytokine with marked therapeutic activity in transplantable tumor models, that is in part due to angiogenesis inhibition. Aim of this study was to investigate the effects of IFN-alpha during the early phases of tumor development in the transgenic adenocarcinoma of the mouse prostate (TRAMP) model. To provide sustained IFN-alpha(More)
Mice are particularly susceptible to carcinogens when exposure starts early in life. We evaluated the expression of stem cell antigen-1 (Sca-1) gene in the lung of variously aged CD-1 mice, either untreated or exposed to environmental cigarette smoke (ECS) and/or to a light source. Sca-1 expression progressively decreased with age. The expression of Sca-1(More)
Meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is one of the leading causes of hospital-associated infections. This study investigated the potential use of whole-genome sequencing (WGS) for surveillance purposes by re-examining MRSA strains related to past outbreaks among hospitalized paediatric patients. WGS data ameliorated the genotypic profile(More)
OBJECTIVE To test the ability of dorzolamide hydrochloride and timolol maleate to display antioxidant effects. METHODS Antioxidant activity was tested in whole trabecular meshwork (TM) tissue as collected from corneal donors' biopsy specimens, young (third passage) and old (10th passage) human TM cells, and acellular systems composed of pure DNA and(More)