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BACKGROUND The delta-5 and delta-6 desaturases, encoded by FADS1 and FADS2 genes, are key enzymes in polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) metabolism that catalyze the conversion of linoleic acid (LA) into arachidonic acid (AA) and that of alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) into eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA). Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in FADS1 and FADS2 have(More)
Polymorphisms of the human Delta-5 (FADS1) and Delta-6 (FADS2) desaturase genes have been recently described to be associated with the level of several long-chain n-3 and n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) in serum phospholipids. We have genotyped 13 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) located on the FADS1-FADS2-FADS3 gene cluster (chromosome(More)
Erythrocytes from psoriatic patients have a significant increase in polyunsaturated fatty acids (p less than 0.001) especially in arachidonic acid (p less than 0.001). Glutathione peroxidase activity, in both erythrocytes and platelets, was stimulated when compared with normal cells (p less than 0.001, less than 0.02, respectively) and the production of(More)
BACKGROUND Apolipoprotein C-III (apo C-III) is a marker of cardiovascular disease risk associated with triglyceride (TG)-rich lipoproteins. The T-455C polymorphism in the insulin-responsive element of the APOC3 gene influences TG and apo C-III concentrations. Long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) contained in fish have well-known apo(More)
The effect of diet enriched with a monounsaturated fatty acid (olive oil) on serum lipoproteins, biliary cholesterol saturation index, and gallbladder motility compared with a standard low-fat diet was evaluated in 11 young volunteers admitted to a metabolic ward. A significant decrease of mean total cholesterol (-9.5%), total apo B (-7.4%), LDL cholesterol(More)
BACKGROUND Lower activity of 11 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase 2 (11beta-HSD2) classically induces hypertension by leading to an altered tetrahydrocortisol- versus tetrahydrocortisone-metabolites (THFs/THE) shuttle. Recent cell culture and animal studies suggest a role for promoter methylation, a major epigenetic feature of DNA, in regulation of HSD11B2(More)
OBJECTIVE Red blood cell (RBC) fatty acid composition and micronutrient status were investigated in patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA), with special regard to their relationship to clinical variables. METHODS RBC fatty acid composition, selenium status--serum selenium and RBC glutathione-peroxidase activity (GSH-Px)--plasma copper, plasma and RBC(More)
To investigate the relationships between aging and selenium status, vitamins A and E, and plasma and erythrocyte fatty acids, we studied 105 healthy subjects (53 women, 52 men) living in Nove, a village near Vicenza (Veneto Region, northern Italy). The subjects were distributed equally for age and sex into four groups: group 1, 20-39 y; group 2, 40-59 y;(More)
The peripheral blood neutrophils and the neutrophils accumulated into a skin-window experimental exudate were compared for their ability to release superoxide anion (O2-) and for their fatty acid composition, determined by capillary gaschromatography. The basal O2- release and the phorbol myristate acetate (PMA)-induced O2- release were not significantly(More)
Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) balances the pool of folate coenzymes in one-carbon metabolism for DNA synthesis and methylation, both implicated in carcinogenesis. Epidemiologic studies have shown that two functional polymorphisms in MTHFR gene, 677C>T and 1298A>C, are related to increased cancer risk. We aimed to analyze lymphocyte DNA from(More)