Patrizia Guarini

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BACKGROUND The delta-5 and delta-6 desaturases, encoded by FADS1 and FADS2 genes, are key enzymes in polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) metabolism that catalyze the conversion of linoleic acid (LA) into arachidonic acid (AA) and that of alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) into eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA). Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in FADS1 and FADS2 have(More)
Polymorphisms of the human Δ-5 (FADS1) and Δ-6 (FADS2) desaturase genes have been recently described to be associated with the level of several long-chain n-3 and n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) in serum phospholipids. We have genotyped 13 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) located on the FADS1–FADS2–FADS3 gene cluster (chromosome 11q12–13.1) in(More)
BACKGROUND Lower activity of 11 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase 2 (11beta-HSD2) classically induces hypertension by leading to an altered tetrahydrocortisol- versus tetrahydrocortisone-metabolites (THFs/THE) shuttle. Recent cell culture and animal studies suggest a role for promoter methylation, a major epigenetic feature of DNA, in regulation of HSD11B2(More)
Erythrocytes from psoriatic patients have a significant increase in polyunsaturated fatty acids (p less than 0.001) especially in arachidonic acid (p less than 0.001). Glutathione peroxidase activity, in both erythrocytes and platelets, was stimulated when compared with normal cells (p less than 0.001, less than 0.02, respectively) and the production of(More)
BACKGROUND Findings from epidemiologic and autopsy studies suggest that the offspring of patients with premature coronary disease may be at increased risk for atherosclerosis. We undertook a study to determine whether changes in brachial-artery reactivity and thickness of the carotid intima and media, two markers of early atherosclerosis, are present in(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Chorea-acanthocytosis is a disorder characterized by neuronal degeneration and the presence of acanthocytic erythrocytes on blood smear. The abnormal function and structure of the membrane protein band 3 are considered to be of pathogenetic relevance in determining the erythrocyte defect. METHODS In a clinically evident case of(More)
The effect of diet enriched with a monounsaturated fatty acid (olive oil) on serum lipoproteins, biliary cholesterol saturation index, and gallbladder motility compared with a standard low-fat diet was evaluated in 11 young volunteers admitted to a metabolic ward. A significant decrease of mean total cholesterol (-9.5%), total apo B (-7.4%), LDL cholesterol(More)
BACKGROUND Global DNA hypomethylation is an early molecular event in carcinogenesis. Whether methylation measured in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) DNA is a clinically reliable biomarker for early detection or cancer risk assessment is to be established. METHODS From an original sample-set of 753 male and female adults (ages 64.8 ± 7.3 years),(More)
BACKGROUND Plasma factor VII concentrations (FVIIa), a marker of coronary artery disease (CAD) risk, are influenced by genetic markers at the promoter site: the A2 allele, due to a 10bp insertion at position -323, is a determinant of lower FVIIa concentrations and reduced CAD risk, while the -402A allele, due to a G>A substitution, confers increased(More)
The aim of the study was to evaluate the prevalence of hypertension associated with an elevated aldosterone to renin activity ratio (ARR) in a sample of adults aged 35-74 yr, randomly selected from the population register of the Bussolengo Health District (northern Italy) and representative of the total population of the district. Subjects (n = 1462) were(More)