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The adducin heterodimer is a protein affecting the assembly of the actin-based cytoskeleton. Point mutations in rat adducin alpha (F316Y) and beta (Q529R) subunits are involved in a form of rat primary hypertension (MHS) associated with faster kidney tubular ion transport. A role for adducin in human primary hypertension has also been suggested. By studying(More)
The inhibition of the long-term pressor effect of ouabain may be useful for the therapy of essential hypertension. Here, for the first time, a selective inhibitor of the ouabain pressor effect is described. In vitro, 17beta-(3-furyl)-5beta-androstane-3beta, 14beta, 17alpha-triol (PST 2238) displaced ouabain from its binding sites on purified sodium,(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between SP-D and KL-6 serum concentrations and the extent of interstitial lung involvement, as measured by a quantitative HRCT score and the functional impairment, in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc). Moreover we analysed the association between these lung-specific biomarkers and skin(More)
In addition to inhibition of the Na-K ATPase, ouabain activates a signal transduction function, triggering growth and proliferation of cultured cells even at nanomolar concentrations. An isomer of ouabain (EO) circulates in mammalians at subnanomolar concentrations, and increased levels are associated with cardiac hypertrophy and hypertension. We present(More)
To investigate the effects of an acute bout of exercise on total and free insulin-like growth factor-I and insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3 plasma concentrations, 32 healthy elderly subjects (67-80 years, 16 men) performed a strength test, which consisted of two sets of 12 repetitions at 12-repetition maximum and four sets of 5 repetitions at(More)
The recently published human genome with its relatively modest number of genes has highlighted the importance of post-transcriptional and post-translational modifications, such as alternative splicing or glycosylation, in generating the complexities of human biology. The human UDP-N-acetylglucosamine (UDPGlcNAc) pyrophosphorylases AGX1 and AGX2, which(More)
OBJECTIVE To gain some insight on the lesser arrhythmogenic properties of PST2744 [(E,Z)-3-((2-aminoethoxy)imino)androstane-6,17-dione hydrochloride] compared with digoxin, we compared modulation of intracellular Ca2+ dynamics by the two agents. METHODS SERCA (sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase) activity and Ca2+ leak rate were measured in sarcoplasmic(More)
The antibiotic rifampicin shows polymorphism. Two crystalline forms, an amorphous form and four solvates (S I and S II from water; S III from tetrahydrofuran; S IV from carbon tetachloride) have been isolated and characterized by thermal analysis, infrared and X-ray powder spectroscopy. The functional I.R. bands have been interpreted as indicative of some(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Calcium handling is known to be deranged in heart failure. Interventions aimed at improving cell Ca(2) (+) cycling may represent a promising approach to heart failure therapy. Istaroxime is a new luso-inotropic compound that stimulates cardiac contractility and relaxation in healthy and failing animal models and in patients with acute(More)
The genetic and environmental heterogeneity of essential hypertension is responsible for the individual variability of antihypertensive therapy. An understanding of the molecular mechanisms underlying hypertension and related organ complications is a key aspect for developing new, effective, and safe antihypertensive agents able to cure the cause of the(More)