Patrizia Eleuteri

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BACKGROUND Sperm DNA integrity is essential for the accurate transmission of genetic information. The clinical significance of this assessment lies in its association with not only natural conception rates, but also the success of assisted reproduction technology (ART). It has been reported that sperm chromatin structure assay (SCSA) identified thresholds(More)
BACKGROUND The sperm chromatin structure assay (SCSA) parameter DNA fragmentation index (DFI) has been shown to predict in vivo and in vitro fertility. So far most SCSA studies have been based on SCSA analysis performed on neat semen. The aim of this study is to assess whether SCSA analysis of sperm prepared by density gradient centrifugation (DGC) could(More)
BACKGROUND Persistent organochlorine pollutants (POP), such as polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) and dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene (p, p'-DDE), are widely found in the environment and considered potential endocrine-disrupting compounds (EDC). Their impact on male fertility is still unknown. METHODS To explore the hypothesis that POP is associated with(More)
Lipedema is a chronic vascular disease almost exclusively of female sex, characterized by the deposit of fat on the legs, with an "Egyptian column" shape, orthostatic edema, hypothermia of the skin, alteration of the plantar support, and negativity of Stemmer's sign. The etiology and pathogenesis of this disease are still the object of study, and therapy is(More)
Flow cytometry (FCM) has been extensively used to study mammalian sperm in the areas of reproductive toxicology (to monitor effects from environmental, occupational and therapeutic exposures), veterinary science (to preselect the gender of offspring by sorting X- and Y-chromosome-bearing sperm) and clinical andrology (to assess individual fertility(More)
To evaluate whether DNA alterations in mature spermatozoa could stem from DNA damage induced in immature germ cells, testis cells and spermatozoa were analyzed by the comet assay and by the sperm chromatin structure assay 14, 45 and 100 days after in vivo X irradiation of the testes. These times were selected, according to the mouse seminiferous epithelium(More)
The increasing request of chemical safety assessment demands for the validation of alternative methods to reduce the resort to animal experimentation. Methods that evaluate reproductive toxicity are among those requiring the largest use of animals. Presently, no validated in vitro alternative exists for the assessment of reproductive toxicity. Mammalian(More)
A high interspecific karyotype variability has been evidenced in birds especially in Falconiformes and Strigiformes. Avian cytogenetic analysis, conventionally used for this study, presents several difficulties. We used flow cytometric analysis in order to obtain further information on the DNA patterns of different species of birds belonging to the(More)
Sperm DNA damage may have adverse effects on reproductive outcome. Sperm DNA breaks can be detected by several tests, which evaluate DNA integrity from different and complementary perspectives and offer a new class of biomarkers of the male reproductive function and of its possible impairment after environmental exposure. The remodeling of sperm chromatin(More)
In the course of a 2-year combined chronic toxicity-carcinogenicity study performed according to Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Test Guideline 453, systemic (blood cell) genotoxicity of two OECD representative nanomaterials, CeO2 NM-212 and BaSO4 upon 3- or 6-month inhalation exposure to rats was assessed. DNA effects were(More)