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At present, it is unclear what the role is of laparoscopic ovarian diathermy (LOD) and of metformin administration as second-line treatments for ovulation induction in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) after failure of clomiphene citrate (CC) treatment. The aim of the present study was to compare in a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility and results of laparoscopic antireflux procedure in neurologically impaired children. METHODS Over a 5-yr period, 259 children affected by gastroesophageal reflux disease underwent laparoscopic antireflux procedure. Eighty of them (30.8%) were neurologically impaired. In 58 children we(More)
Ascaris presence in humans has been associated with high levels of blood eosinophils and serum IgE. This study was designed to address the influence of Ascaris infection on allergic and inflammatory parameters of atopic subjects. A cross-sectional design was used, and atopic individuals to be assessed were divided into 3 groups including Ascaris-infected,(More)
Patients with Crohn's disease (CD) are at higher risk of hepatitis C (HCV) and B virus (HBV) infection, because of surgical and/or endoscopic procedures. However, the prevalence of HCV and HBV infection in CD is unknown. This issue may be relevant because of the growing use of immunomodulatory drugs in CD. The purpose of this study was to assess, in a(More)
Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) is one of the most important clinical hereditary forms of inherited susceptibility to colorectal cancer and is characterized by a high degree of phenotypic heterogeneity. We used a mass spectrometry driven-proteomic strategy to identify serum molecules differently expressed in FAP patients. The data obtained were(More)
The effects of lipid composition and preparation conditions on the physicochemical and technological properties of gemcitabine-loaded liposomes, as well as the in vitro anti-tumoral activity of various liposome formulations were investigated. Three liposome formulations were investigated: DPPC/Chol/Oleic acid (8:3:1 molar ratio, liposomes A), DPPC/Chol/DPPS(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate how many patients with a clinical picture of idiopathic childhood localization-related epilepsies may also have silent celiac disease (CD). This will help determine whether investigation for CD should be restricted to those patients with childhood partial epilepsy with occipital paroxysms (CPEO) or should be extended to all patients with(More)
Crohn' s disease (CD) is a chronic intestinal inflammatory disorder characterized by aberrant mucosal Th1 cell activation and production of IL-12, the major Th1-driving factor. The T cell response to IL-12 is dependent on the expression of a specific receptor composed of two subunits, termed IL-12Rbeta1 and IL-12Rbeta2. The content of IL-12Rbeta2, as(More)
BACKGROUND Mesalazine enemas are of well proven efficacy for the topical treatment of distal ulcerative colitis. Although new rectal formulations of mesalazine are not expected to be superior in efficacy and tolerability to standard formulations, they may offer secondary advantages in terms of overall acceptability. AIM To compare the efficacy,(More)
BACKGROUND An oral-to-oral route of transmission of Helicobacter pylori infection has been postulated, which is supported by the observation that H. pylori is present in the saliva and in dental plaque. On the basis of this assumption, an increased risk of H. pylori infection among dentists was postulated. METHOD Serum and salivary H. pylori(More)