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At present, it is unclear what the role is of laparoscopic ovarian diathermy (LOD) and of metformin administration as second-line treatments for ovulation induction in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) after failure of clomiphene citrate (CC) treatment. The aim of the present study was to compare in a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled(More)
Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility and results of laparoscopic antireflux procedure in neurologically impaired children. Methods: Over a 5-yr period, 259 children affected by gastroesophageal reflux disease underwent laparoscopic antireflux procedure. Eighty of them (30.8%) were neurologically impaired. In 58 children we(More)
Germline mutations within the mismatch repair (MMR) genes are generally found in colorectal cancer (CRC) patients with a positive family history for the presence of the neoplasia. Clinical standard criteria have been established to define hereditary-non-polyposis-colorectal cancer (HNPCC)-prone families. Interestingly, the number of MMR gene mutations found(More)
Patients with Crohn's disease (CD) are at higher risk of hepatitis C (HCV) and B virus (HBV) infection, because of surgical and/or endoscopic procedures. However, the prevalence of HCV and HBV infection in CD is unknown. This issue may be relevant because of the growing use of immunomodulatory drugs in CD. The purpose of this study was to assess, in a(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effectiveness of the injection of bupivacaine plus epinephrine before laparoscopic myomectomy. METHODS Sixty premenopausal women with uterine leiomyomata were enrolled in a randomized controlled design and intraoperatively treated with injection of bupivacaine plus epinephrine (group A) or saline solution (group B) during(More)
Background: Esophageal achalasia is not a frequent disorder in children and different treatments have been proposed during past decades. This study reviews the results of the laparoscopic Heller-Dor procedure performed in pediatric patients in two different surgical units. Methods: We included the patients aged <14 years with a minimum follow-up of 6 months(More)
BACKGROUND An oral-to-oral route of transmission of Helicobacter pylori infection has been postulated, which is supported by the observation that H. pylori is present in the saliva and in dental plaque. On the basis of this assumption, an increased risk of H. pylori infection among dentists was postulated. METHOD Serum and salivary H. pylori(More)
The effects of lipid composition and preparation conditions on the physicochemical and technological properties of gemcitabine-loaded liposomes, as well as the in vitro anti-tumoral activity of various liposome formulations were investigated. Three liposome formulations were investigated: DPPC/Chol/Oleic acid (8:3:1 molar ratio, liposomes A), DPPC/Chol/DPPS(More)
Crohn' s disease (CD) is a chronic intestinal inflammatory disorder characterized by aberrant mucosal Th1 cell activation and production of IL-12, the major Th1-driving factor. The T cell response to IL-12 is dependent on the expression of a specific receptor composed of two subunits, termed IL-12Rbeta1 and IL-12Rbeta2. The content of IL-12Rbeta2, as(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate how many patients with a clinical picture of idiopathic childhood localization-related epilepsies may also have silent celiac disease (CD). This will help determine whether investigation for CD should be restricted to those patients with childhood partial epilepsy with occipital paroxysms (CPEO) or should be extended to all patients with(More)