Patrizia Di Iorio

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In addition to their well known roles within cells, purine nucleotides such as adenosine 5' triphosphate (ATP) and guanosine 5' triphosphate (GTP), nucleosides such as adenosine and guanosine and bases, such as adenine and guanine and their metabolic products xanthine and hypoxanthine are released into the extracellular space where they act as intercellular(More)
Metabotropic glutamate (mGlu) receptors have been considered as potential targets for neuroprotective drugs, but the lack of specific drugs has limited the development of neuroprotective strategies in experimental models of acute or chronic central nervous system (CNS) disorders. The advent of potent and centrally available subtype-selective ligands has(More)
Brain ischemia stimulates release from astrocytes of adenine-based purines, particularly adenosine, which is neuroprotective. Guanosine, which has trophic properties that may aid recovery following neurological damage, is present in high local concentrations for several days after focal cerebral ischemia. We investigated whether guanine-based purines, like(More)
Astrocytes are involved in multiple brain functions in physiological conditions, participating in neuronal development, synaptic activity and homeostatic control of the extracellular environment. They also actively participate in the processes triggered by brain injuries, aimed at limiting and repairing brain damages. Purines may play a significant role in(More)
The mGlu2/3 receptor agonists 4-carboxy-3-hydroxyphenylglycine (4C3HPG) and LY379268 attenuated NMDA toxicity in primary cultures containing both neurons and astrocytes. Neuroprotection was abrogated by PD98059 and LY294002, which inhibit the mitogen activated protein kinase (MAPK) and the phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI-3-K) pathways, respectively.(More)
In non-synchronized, subconfluent secondary cultures of rat cortical astrocytes, the selective group-I metabotropic glutamate (mGlu) receptor agonist 3,5-dihydroxyphenylglycine (DHPG) increased [methyl-3H]-thymidine incorporation. This effect was mediated by the activation of the mGlu5 receptor, which was shown to be present by either RT-PCR or Western blot(More)
Extracellular adenosine (Ado) and ATP stimulate astrocyte proliferation through activation of P(1) and P(2) purinoceptors. Extracellular GTP and guanosine (Guo), however, that do not bind strongly to these receptors, are more effective mitogens than ATP and Ado. Exogenous Guo, like GTP and 5'-guanosine-betagamma-imidotriphosphate (GMP-PNP), dose-dependently(More)
Astrocyte death may occur in neurodegenerative disorders and complicates the outcome of brain ischemia, a condition associated with high extracellular levels of adenosine and glutamate. We show that pharmacological activation of A(1) adenosine and mGlu3 metabotropic glutamate receptors with N(6)-chlorocyclopentyladenosine (CCPA) and(More)
Growing evidence implicates CD40, a member of the TNFR superfamily, as contributing to the pathogenesis of many neurodegenerative diseases. Thus, strategies to suppress its expression may be of benefit in those disorders. To this aim, we investigated the effect of guanosine, a purine nucleoside that exerts neurotrophic and neuroprotective effects. CD40(More)
Amyloid-beta (Abeta) peptide aggregation forms such as soluble oligomers (O) have a causal role in neuronal dysfunction and death associated with Alzheimer?s Disease (AD). The main efforts for the development of neuroprotective drugs are therefore focused on preventing Abeta production, aggregation or downstream neurotoxic events. We therefore investigated(More)