Patrizia Della Valle

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A longstanding goal for the treatment of hemophilia B is the development of a gene transfer strategy that can maintain sustained production of clotting factor IX (F.IX) in the absence of an immune response. To this end, we have sought to use lentiviral vectors (LVs) as a means for systemic gene transfer. Unfortunately, initial evaluation of LVs expressing(More)
The endothelial protein C receptor (EPCR) facilitates protein C activation and plays a protective role in the response to Escherichia coli-mediated sepsis in primates. Previously, a soluble form of EPCR (sEPCR) in human plasma was characterized, and several studies indicated that generation of sEPCR is regulated by inflammatory mediators, including(More)
Lung mechanics, exhaled NO (NOe), and TNF-alpha in serum and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid were assessed in eight closed and eight open chest, normal anesthetized rabbits undergoing prolonged (3-4 h) mechanical ventilation (MV) at low volume with physiological tidal volumes (10 ml/kg). Relative to initial MV on positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP), MV at(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES In vitro studies have shown that the rate of prothrombin activation is linearly related to the concentration of factor II (FII) in the assay system, suggesting a key role of prothrombin levels in the expression of the antithrombotic activity of oral anticoagulant treatment (OAT). We investigated the in vivo relationship between(More)
BACKGROUND The authors studied the changes in selected hemostatic variables in patients undergoing coronary surgery with on-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) or off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery (OPCAB) techniques. METHODS Platelet counts and plasma concentrations of antithrombin, fibrinogen, D dimer, alpha(2) antiplasmin, and plasminogen(More)
OBJECTIVE To see whether in acute lung injury 1) compression of the lungs caused by thoracoabdominal constriction degrades lung function and worsens ventilator-induced lung injury; and 2) maintaining end-expiratory transpulmonary pressure by increasing positive end-expiratory pressure reduces the deleterious effects of chest wall constriction. DESIGN(More)
Lung morpho-functional alterations and inflammatory response to various types of mechanical ventilation (MV) have been assessed in normal, anesthetized, open-chest rats. Measurements were taken during protective MV [tidal volume (Vt) = 8 ml/kg; positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) = 2.6 cmH(2)O] before and after a 2- to 2.5-h period of ventilation on(More)