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BACKGROUND MicroRNA (miRNA) expression profiles have been described in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), but these have not been compared with pre-malignant pancreatic tumors. We wished to compare the miRNA expression signatures in pancreatic benign cystic tumors (BCT) of low and high malignant potential with PDAC, in order to identify miRNAs(More)
BACKGROUND Both in experimental colitis and in inflammatory bowel disease, colonic eicosanoid generation is enhanced and may contribute to the pathogenesis of the inflammatory response. AIMS To evaluate the effect of selective cyclo-oxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitors on the extent and severity of two models of experimental colitis. METHODS Colitis was(More)
BACKGROUND Loss of control of mucosal crypt cell proliferation resulting in a hyperproliferative field change occurs early in the adenoma-carcinoma sequence. Ki-67, the current gold-standard marker of cellular proliferation, is a cell cycle protein that may lack sensitivity in demonstrating altered mucosal crypt cell dynamics. Minichromosome maintenance(More)
BACKGROUND Smoking, probably due to nicotine, has a bivalent effect on inflammatory bowel disease, ameliorating disease activity in ulcerative colitis and with a deleterious effect on Crohn's disease. The effect of nicotine patches in ulcerative colitis is controversial. AIM To investigate the effect of chronic nicotine use in a rat model of colitis. (More)
The transfer of genes encoding immunoregulatory proteins is a promising new strategy in the treatment of intestinal inflammation. Previous work has demonstrated that daily systemic interleukin (IL)-10 therapy is able to prevent disease onset in animal models of colitis but is not sufficient to treat established disease. This study investigates the(More)
Within the colonic mucosa of rats with portal hypertension and liver cirrhosis, there is an increased generation of inflammatory mediators, such as leukotriene B4 and endothelin-1, and increased generation of nitric oxide. Nitric oxide overproduction may induce tissue injury. This study was undertaken to assess whether the colonic mucosa of rats with portal(More)
Ozone is one of the most powerful oxidants available, with many applications in industry and medicine. Medically relevant features of ozone include bacterial and virucidal properties, disinfection, sterilization, circulatory stimulation, and disruption of malignant cells. Ozone therapy is administered in various ways, including intravenously,(More)
BACKGROUND Colorectal cancer is associated with a "field change" of increased proliferation throughout the colonic and rectal mucosa. Both proliferation and apoptosis are disrupted during carcinogenesis. Whether altered apoptosis contributes to this field change of microscopic abnormality is, however, unclear. Bcl-xL is an anti-apoptotic protein that(More)
BACKGROUND The growth arrest-specific transcript 5 gene (GAS5) encodes a long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) and hosts a number of small nucleolar RNAs (snoRNAs) that have recently been implicated in multiple cellular processes and cancer. Here, we investigate the relationship between DNA damage, p53, and the GAS5 snoRNAs to gain further insight into the potential(More)
Optical imaging of tissue autofluorescence has the potential to provide rapid label-free screening and detection of surface tumors for clinical applications, including when combined with endoscopy. Quantitative imaging of intensity-based contrast is notoriously difficult and spectrally resolved imaging does not always provide sufficient contrast. We(More)