Patrik P Michel

Learn More
To study the selectivity of neurotrophic actions in the brain, we analyzed the actions of several known growth factors on septal cholinergic, pontine cholinergic, and mesencephalic dopaminergic neurons in culture. Similar to nerve growth factor (NGF), basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) stimulated choline acetyltransferase activity in septal cultures. In(More)
Toxicity of 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) and dopamine were studied in cultures of dissociated fetal rat mesencephalic cells. To assess survival and function of dopaminergic cells we quantified the number of tyrosine hydroxylase-positive cells and measured dopamine uptake. Non-dopaminergic cells were monitored by counting the number of cells visible with(More)
Dopaminergic rat mesencephalic neurons in culture were exposed to a group of potential environmental neurotoxins. These cultures, which contained 0.5 to 1% dopaminergic neurons, were a suitable tool for determining nonselective and selective dopaminergic cytotoxicity. Selective toxicity was quantitated as the concentration which destroyed half of the(More)
Cultures of dissociated embryonic rat mesencephalic cells were exposed to 10 microM 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP+), a concentration shown earlier to result in loss of greater than 85% of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH)-positive neurons without affecting the total number of cells observed by phase-contrast microscopy. To characterize better the selectivity of(More)
Strong evidence obtained from in vivo and ex-vivo studies suggests the existence of interaction between dopaminergic and nitrergic systems. Some of the observations suggest a possible implication of nitric oxide (NO) in dopamine (DA) uptake mechanism. The present work investigated the interaction between both systems by examining the effect of an NO donor,(More)
Dopaminergic neurons in cultures of dissociated cells from fetal rat mesencephalon were exposed to the principal metabolite of the neurotoxin 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP), 1-methyl-4-phenyl-pyridinium ion (MPP+), and several of its structural analogues. At concentrations between 0.01 and 0.1 microM, MPP+ inhibited catecholamine(More)
To enable us to study expression of tyrosine hydroxylase [TH; tyrosine 3-monooxygenase; L-tyrosine tetrahydropteridine:oxygen oxidoreductase (3-hydroxylating); EC 1.14.16.2] as a measure of dopaminergic neuron function in future experiments, methods were developed to quantify TH mRNA levels in cultures of dopaminergic mesencephalic cells. The model of(More)
Mesencephalic cells in culture were exposed to various compounds which we hypothesized to be selective toxins for dopaminergic neurons. The culture system was previously shown suitable for assessing selective dopaminergic neurotoxicity, since 1-methyl-4-phenyl-pyridinium (MPP+), the active metabolite of 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridinium,(More)