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Rodent somatosensory barrel cortex is organized both physiologically and anatomically in columns with a cross-sectional diameter of 100-400 microm. The underlying anatomical correlate of physiologically defined, much narrower minicolumns (20-60 microm in diameter) remains unclear. The minicolumn has been proposed to be a fundamental functional unit in the(More)
We describe here a molecular genetic approach for imaging synaptic inhibition. The thy-1 promoter was used to express high levels of Clomeleon, a ratiometric fluorescent indicator for chloride ions, in discrete populations of neurons in the brains of transgenic mice. Clomeleon was functional after chronic expression and provided non-invasive readouts of(More)
To understand sensory representation in cortex, it is crucial to identify its constituent cellular components based on cell-type-specific criteria. With the identification of cell types, an important question can be addressed: to what degree does the cellular properties of neurons depend on cortical location? We tested this question using pyramidal neurons(More)
A major synaptic input to the thalamus originates from neurons in cortical layer 6 (L6); however, the function of this cortico-thalamic pathway during sensory processing is not well understood. In the mouse whisker system, we found that optogenetic stimulation of L6 in vivo results in a mixture of hyperpolarization and depolarization in the thalamic target(More)
Morphological and functional classification of individual neurons is a crucial aspect of the characterization of neuronal networks. Systematic structural and functional analysis of individual neurons is now possible using transgenic mice with genetically defined neurons that can be visualized in vivo or in brain slice preparations. Genetically defined(More)
Layer 5 (L5) is a major neocortical output layer containing L5A slender-tufted (L5A-st) and L5B thick-tufted (L5B-tt) pyramidal neurons. These neuron types differ in their in vivo firing patterns, connectivity and dendritic morphology amongst other features, reflecting their specific functional role within the neocortical circuits. Here, we asked whether(More)
We study cellular organisation in different layers of rodent barrel cortex using three-dimensional point data gathered with an automated method of counting neuron somata. The neuron distributions are analysed for aggregation and repulsion patterns using methods from spatial point process theory. Quantifications of the topographical organization of neurons(More)
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