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The purpose was to investigate the potential value of apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) measurement with MRI in the assessment of cervix cancer. Diffusion-weighted MRI was performed in 47 patients with cervical carcinoma undergoing chemoradiation therapy and 26 normal controls on a 1.5-T system with a b-value of 600 s/mm(2). FIGO stage, tumor volume,(More)
A porphyrin-phospholipid conjugate with quenched fluorescence was utilized to serve as both the Raman dye and a stabilizing, biocompatible surface coating agent on gold nanoparticles. Through simple synthesis and validation with spectroscopy and confocal microscopy, we show that this porphyrin-lipid stabilized AuNP is a novel SERS probe capable of cellular(More)
In recent years numerous studies have shown the potential advantages of molecular imaging in vitro and in vivo using contrast agents based on surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS), however the low throughput of traditional point-scanned imaging methodologies have limited their use in biological imaging. In this work we demonstrate that direct widefield(More)
UNLABELLED Spectral mapping of nanoparticles with surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) capability in the near-infrared range is an emerging molecular imaging technique. We used magnetic resonance image-guided transcranial focused ultrasound (TcMRgFUS) to reversibly disrupt the blood-brain barrier (BBB) adjacent to brain tumor margins in rats. Glioma(More)
Multiplexed surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) nanoparticles (NPs) offer the potential for rapid molecular phenotyping of tissues, thereby enabling accurate disease detection as well as patient stratification to guide personalized therapies or to monitor treatment outcomes. The clinical success of molecular diagnostics based on SERS NPs would be(More)
BACKGROUND Endoluminal optical imaging, or angioscopy, has not seen widespread application during neurointerventional procedures, largely as a result of the poor imaging resolution of existing angioscopes. Scanning fiber endoscopes (SFEs) are a novel endoscopic platform that allows high-resolution video imaging in an ultraminiature form factor that is(More)
AIM As the possibilities of molecular imaging in personalized medicine evolve rapidly, the optical advantages of extremely narrow and intense spectral bands makes surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) an appealing candidate for multiplexed recognition of targeted biomarkers over other optical imaging modalities. MATERIALS & METHODS In this(More)
Quantum dot (QD) contrast-enhanced molecular imaging has potential for early cancer detection and image guided treatment, but there is a lack of quantitative image contrast data to determine optimum QD administered doses, affecting the feasibility, risk and cost of such procedures, especially in vivo. Vascular fluorescence contrast-enhanced imaging is(More)
Early detection and efficient treatment modality of early-stage peripheral lung cancer is essential. Current nonsurgical treatments for peripheral lung cancer show critical limitations associated with various complications, requiring alternative minimally invasive therapeutics. Porphysome nanoparticle-enabled fluorescence-guided transbronchial photothermal(More)
PURPOSE The aim of this work was to establish a novel orthotopic human non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) murine xenograft model by a nonsurgical, transbronchial approach. DESCRIPTION Male athymic nude mice and human NSCLC cell lines, including A549, H460, and H520 were used. Under direct visualization of the vocal cords, a 23-gauge blunt-tip slightly(More)