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The present communication reports on the attenuation of a pathogenic hemoflagellate, Cryptobia salmositica Katz (Sarcomastigophora: Kinetoplastida) and its use as a live vaccine against cryptobiosis. The parasite was attenuated by continuous in vitro culture (at 10 C for 55 wk) in minimum essential medium. Attenuated (culture) forms are morphologically(More)
  • S Li, P T Woo
  • Veterinary immunology and immunopathology
  • 1995
An attenuated strain of Cryptobia salmositica was used as a live vaccine to protect rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss, against cryptobiosis. Fish immunized with 1.0 x 10(4) or 5.5 x 10(4) attenuated C. salmositica per fish were protected 3 weeks after immunization; however, this period was reduced to 2 weeks if fish were vaccinated with 1.0 x 10(5)(More)
Susceptibility and antibody production against pathogenic and vaccine strains of the haemoflagellate, Cryptobia salmositica were investigated in five full-sib families (A-E) of Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar. Humoral response and susceptibility of families were compared within three treatments: infection, vaccination and vaccination followed by challenge.(More)
  • P T Woo
  • International journal for parasitology
  • 2001
Cryptobiosis is caused by the haemoflagellates Cryptobia bullocki and Cryptobia salmositica. These parasites infect food fishes (e.g. flounders, salmon) on both the Atlantic and Pacific coasts of North America and clinical signs of the disease include anaemia, and abdominal distention with ascites. The virulent factor in salmonid cryptobiosis, caused by C.(More)
Natural anti-proteases (alpha 1-protease inhibitor (alpha 1-PI; alpha 1-antitrypsin) and alpha 2-macroglobulin (alpha 2-M)) were found in the blood of rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss and brook charr, Salvelinus fontinalis. The alpha 2-M inhibited Cryptobia salmositica proteases and was significantly higher in brook charr than in rainbow trout. Under in(More)