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Asset, activity and income diversification lie at the heart of livelihood strategies in rural Africa. This paper introduces a special issue on the topic " Income Diversification and Livelihoods in Rural Africa: Cause and Consequence of Change. " We concentrate on core conceptual issues that bedevil the literature on rural income diversification and the(More)
Maternal undernutrition contributes to 800,000 neonatal deaths annually through small for gestational age births; stunting, wasting, and micronutrient deficiencies are estimated to underlie nearly 3·1 million child deaths annually. Progress has been made with many interventions implemented at scale and the evidence for effectiveness of nutrition(More)
FCND Discussion Papers contain preliminary material and research results, and are circulated prior to a full peer review in order to stimulate discussion and critical comment. It is expected that most Discussion Papers will eventually be published in some other form, and that their content may also be revised. ABSTRACT This paper reviews donor experience(More)
Between 34 and 15 million years (Myr) ago, when planetary temperatures were 3-4 degrees C warmer than at present and atmospheric CO2 concentrations were twice as high as today, the Antarctic ice sheets may have been unstable. Oxygen isotope records from deep-sea sediment cores suggest that during this time fluctuations in global temperatures and(More)
Discussion papers provide a means for researchers, students and professionals to share thoughts and findings on a wide range of topics relating to food, hunger, agriculture and nutrition. They contain preliminary material and are circulated prior to a formal peer review in order to stimulate discussion and critical comment. Some working papers will(More)
Discussion papers provide a means for researchers, students and professionals to share thoughts and findings on a wide range of topics relating to food, hunger, agriculture and nutrition. They contain preliminary material and are circulated prior to a formal peer review in order to stimulate discussion and critical comment. Some working papers will(More)
The substantive role that vitamin and mineral deficiencies play in shaping crisis-related morbidity and mortality was not widely understood when Amartya Sen elaborated his arguments about moral rights of the hungry, entitlements, and public action. This chapter examines two main aspects of the 'entitlement agenda' as they relate emergencies: (1) the role of(More)
This set of working papers were produced through collaboration of Development Alternatives, Inc. (DAI) through support from the Office of Economic Growth, USAID/Indonesia under the terms of Award No. Abstract This study uses a new survey of households in rural Central Java to assess the nutritional impact of Indonesia's drought and financial crisis of(More)