Patrick W. Weerwind

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BACKGROUND Recently, the GEM Premier blood gas analyser was upgraded to the GEM Premier 3000. In addition to pH, pCO2, pO2, Na+, K+, Ca2+, and hematocrit measurement, glucose and lactate can be measured on the GEM Premier 3000. In this prospective clinical study, the analytical performance of the GEM Premier 3000 was compared with the Ciba Corning 865(More)
Background: In spite of using heparin-coated extracorporeal circuits, cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) is still associated with an extensive thrombin generation, which is only partially suppressed by the use of high dosages of heparin. Recent studies have focused on the origins of this thrombotic stimulus and the possible role of retransfused suctioned blood(More)
Most point-of-care testing analyzers use the conductivity method to measure hematocrit (hct). During open-heart surgery, blood-conductivity is influenced by shifts in electrolyte and colloid concentrations caused by infusion media used, and this may lead to considerable bias in the hct measurement. We evaluated to what extent different analyzers correcting(More)
Although a growing body of evidence indicates superiority of minimized cardiopulmonary bypass (mCPB) systems over conventional CPB systems, limited venous return can result in severe fluctuations of venous line pressure which can result in gaseous emboli. In this study, we investigated the influence of sub-atmospheric pressures and volume buffer capacity(More)
In the January 2014 issue of the journal, we read the interesting article of Aboud et al., in which they describe a comparison of miniaturized versus conventional open cardiopulmonary bypass regarding venous line pressure, gaseous microemboli (GME), biochemical parameters of systemic inflammatory response, ischaemia, haemodilution and haemolysis [1]. Among(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) induces a generalized inflammatory response, including activation of leukocytes, contributing to postoperative morbidity. The inflammatory pathways leading to this systemic inflammatory response syndrome are considered identical to those involved in septic shock. Therefore, we studied the release of(More)
Proper cannula positioning in single site veno-venous extracorporeal life support (vv-ELS) is cumbersome and necessitates image guidance to obtain a safe and stable position within the heart and the caval veins. Importantly, image-guided cannula positioning alone is not sufficient, as possible recirculation cannot be quantified. We present an ultrasound(More)
Dear Editor, After traumatic freshwater submersion, severe respiratory failure and destructive lung injury are dreaded complications [1]. If conventional treatment fails to provide adequate oxygenation, veno-venous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VV-ECMO) is the only remaining treatment modality [2]. Yet, in the presence of concomitant trauma, the need(More)
In this clinical pilot study, the influence of heparin pretreatment on the haemostatic system during and after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) was investigated. Thirteen patients scheduled for elective coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) were divided into two groups: heparin pretreated (HP, n = 6) and non-heparin pretreated (NHP, n = 7). Blood samples were(More)
The serine protease inhibitor antithrombin-III (AT-III) is the principal in vivo inhibitor of blood coagulation, inactivating mainly thrombin, but also other serine proteases. Binding of AT-III to heparin dramatically increases its inhibitory effect. AT-III deficiency during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) can lead to insufficient anticoagulation which cannot(More)