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Macropinocytosis refers to the formation of primary large endocytic vesicles of irregular size and shape, generated by actin-driven evaginations of the plasma membrane, whereby cells avidly incorporate extracellular fluid. Macropinosomes resemble "empty" phagosomes and show no difference with the "spacious phagosomes" triggered by the enteropathogenic(More)
Loss of the renal endosome-associated chloride channel, ClC-5, in Dent's disease and knockout (KO) mice strongly inhibits endocytosis of filtered proteins by kidney proximal tubular cells (PTC). The underlying mechanism remains unknown. We therefore tested whether this endocytic failure could primarily reflect a loss of reabsorption by the multiligand(More)
Yersiniae, causative agents of plague and gastrointestinal diseases, secrete and translocate Yop effector proteins into the cytosol of macrophages, leading to disruption of host defense mechanisms. It is shown in this report that Yersinia enterocolitica induces apoptosis in macrophages and that this effect depends on YopP. Functional secretion and(More)
During liver development, hepatocytes and biliary cells differentiate from common progenitors called hepatoblasts. The factors that control hepatoblast fate decision are unknown. Here we report that a gradient of activin/TGFbeta signaling controls hepatoblast differentiation. High activin/TGFbeta signaling is required near the portal vein for(More)
Macropinocytosis results from the closure of lamellipodia generated by membrane ruffling, thereby reflecting cortical actin dynamics. Both transformation of Rat-1 fibroblasts by v-Src or K-Ras and stable transfection for expression of dominant-positive, wild-type phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) regulatory subunit p85 alpha constitutively led to stress(More)
PURPOSE To investigate whether electroporation can be used for topical gene delivery and for DNA expression in rat keratinocytes. METHODS The localization of a fluorescent-labelled plasmid and the expression of a reporter gene (pEGFP-N1) coding for Green Fluorescent Protein (GFP) in stripped skin were assessed by Confocal Laser Scanning Microscopy (CLSM).(More)
Gentamicin accumulates in lysosomes and induces apoptosis in kidney proximal tubules and renal cell lines. Using LLC-PK1 cells, we have examined the concentration- and time-dependency of the effects exerted by gentamicin (1-3 mM; 0-3 days) on (i) lysosomal stability; (ii) activation of mitochondrial pathway; (iii) occurrence of apoptosis (concentrations(More)
The dicationic macrolide antibiotic azithromycin inhibits the uptake of horseradish peroxidase (HRP) by fluid-phase pinocytosis in fibroblasts in a time- and concentration-dependent fashion without affecting its decay (regurgitation and/or degradation). The azithromycin effect is additive to that of nocodazole, known to impair endocytic uptake and transport(More)
Pretreatment of J774 mouse macrophages by the dicationic macrolide antibiotic, azithromycin (AZ), selectively inhibited fluid-phase endocytosis of horseradish peroxidase and lucifer yellow, but not phagocytosis of latex beads. AZ delayed sequestration of receptor-bound transferrin and peroxidase-anti-peroxidase immune complexes into cell-surface endocytic(More)