Patrick Trévidic

We don’t have enough information about this author to calculate their statistics. If you think this is an error let us know.
Learn More
The use of botulinum toxin in the lower face is more complex and less reliable than its use in the upper face. Use in the lower face is also fraught with more adverse events. The anatomy of the lower face is complex, as the muscles of this region are very close together and interface at different levels and depths to perform heterogeneous functions, such as(More)
The muscular anatomy of the face is complex. Animation patterns of facial muscles vary significantly among individuals. Activity of facial muscles determines expression and emotion and affects the eyes aperture and the amount and extent of facial rhytids. Injection of botulin toxin for facial rejuvenation has become a very popular procedure and allows the(More)
The use of injectable fillers enables facial sculpting through treatment of volume depletion and modeling of facial contours. Injectable fillers are among the most frequently performed minimally invasive cosmetic procedures.However, treatment of the lower third of the face can be challenging and requires expertise in facial anatomy. In this article, the(More)
The muscular topographic anatomy of the face has long been known. The functional anatomy of the face has been studied by many neurologists, with Duchenne of Boulogne one of the first. The possibility of correcting not only wrinkles, but also certain regional balances gives botulinum toxin a certain number of advantages as well as limitations that should be(More)
  • 1