Patrick T. Grogan

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Temozolomide (TMZ)-based therapy is the standard of care for patients with glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), and resistance to this drug in GBM is modulated by the DNA repair protein O(6)-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT). Expression of MGMT is silenced by promoter methylation in approximately half of GBM tumors, and clinical studies have shown that(More)
CpG methylation within the O6-methylguanine-DNA-methyltransferase (MGMT) promoter is associated with enhanced survival of glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) patients treated with temozolomide (TMZ). Although MGMT promoter is methylated in approximately 50% of GBM, several studies have reported a lack of correlation between MGMT methylation and protein expression(More)
PURPOSE Hyperactivation of the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/Akt signaling through disruption of PTEN function is common in glioblastoma multiforme, and these genetic changes are predicted to enhance sensitivity to mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitors such as RAD001 (everolimus). EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN To test whether PTEN loss could be used as a(More)
Ataxia telangiectasia mutated (ATM) kinase is critical in sensing and repairing DNA double-stranded breaks (DSBs) such as those induced by temozolomide (TMZ). ATM deficiency increases TMZ sensitivity, which suggests that ATM inhibitors may be effective TMZ sensitizing agents. In this study, the TMZ sensitizing effects of 2 ATM specific inhibitors were(More)
A new withanolide, named withawrightolide (1), and four known withanolides (2-5) were isolated from the aerial parts of Datura wrightii. The structure of compound 1 was elucidated through 2D NMR and other spectroscopic techniques. In addition, the structure of withametelin L (2) was confirmed by X-ray crystallographic analysis. Using MTS viability assays,(More)
Nine new withanolides (1-9), withahisolides A-I, were isolated along with nine known compounds (10-18) from the aerial parts of Physalis hispida. The structures of 1-9 were elucidated through a variety of spectroscopic techniques, while the structures of 1 and 2 were confirmed by X-ray crystallographic analysis. Compounds 1-3 are the first withanolides with(More)
Our research highlights the nutraceutical potential of the fruits of Physalis longifolia Nutt. (Solanaceae) in antitumor therapy. Recently we reported the isolation of withaferin A, along with 22 other withanolides from the aerial parts of P. longifolia. Herein, we present our biological, ethnobotanical, and phytochemical investigations on the edible fruit(More)
Hsp90 C-terminal inhibitors are advantageous for the development of new cancer chemotherapeutics due to their ability to segregate client protein degradation from induction of the prosurvival heat shock response, which is a major detriment associated with Hsp90 N-terminal inhibitors under clinical investigation. Based upon prior SAR trends, a 1,2,3-triazole(More)
BACKGROUND Temozolomide (TMZ) is important chemotherapy for glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), but the optimal dosing schedule is unclear. METHODS The efficacies of different clinically relevant dosing regimens were compared in a panel of 7 primary GBM xenografts in an intracranial therapy evaluation model. RESULTS Protracted TMZ therapy (TMZ daily M-F, 3(More)
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