Patrick T Curry

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In this report, results are presented from an international study of the in vitro micronucleus assay using Chinese hamster ovary cells. This study was coordinated by an organizing committee supported by the SFTG (the French branch of the European Environmental Mutagen Society). Test chemicals included mannitol, bleomycin, cytosine arabinoside, urethane and(More)
The bacterial gyrase inhibitors, ciprofloxacin and PD 124816, were tested for clastogenic and aneugenic activity in V79 Chinese hamster lung cells in vitro. Cells were exposed for 3 h, washed free of drug, and subcultured for assessment of various endpoints. For structural chromosomal aberration (SCA) analysis, cells were incubated for 18 h, and treated(More)
Two naturally occurring fungal mycotoxins, sterigmatocystin and griseofulvin, were tested for induction of sister-chromatid exchanges (SCEs) in bone marrow cells of female Swiss albino mice. Sterigmatocystin gave elevated SCE frequencies at all doses tested (0.06-6.0 mg/kg). In contrast, griseofulvin, tested from 0.4 to 200 mg/kg, elevated the SCE frequency(More)
Non-clinical studies were conducted to evaluate the toxicity of Antalarmin, a corticotropin-releasing hormone type 1 receptor antagonist being developed for therapy of stress-related pathologies. Antalarmin was not genotoxic in bacterial mutagenesis assays, mammalian cell mutagenesis assays, or in vivo DNA damage assays. In a 14-day range-finding study in(More)
Sperm were obtained via electroejaculation from Domestic ferret, (Mustela putorius furo), Siberian ferret (M. eversmanni), Black-footed ferret (M. nigripes), and a hybrid between Siberian and Domestic, called the Fitch ferret (M. sp.). Comparisons of sperm were made by four different microscopy techniques to determine whether differences exist among(More)
The development of the seminal vesicle from the mesonephric duct is described. Particular attention is given to the recent biochemistry of seminal vesicle proteins. Proteins in the seminal vesicle fluid are few in number, may be insoluble at certain pH, and frequently form large macromolecular aggregates. Although not an absolute requirement for fertility,(More)
Medical devices emitting pulsed electric and electromagnetic fields have been found to be effective for a number of clinical applications including stimulation of bone and tissue growth. To determine whether pulsed fields of the type used in these clinical applications present a mutagenic hazard, electric and electromagnetic fields at two exposure levels(More)
Six anti-AIDS drugs were assessed for in vivo genotoxicity and cytotoxicity at human clinical doses with the mouse bone marrow micronucleus assay. These included four dideoxynucleosides (azidothymidine, dideoxycytidine, dideoxyadenosine, and dideoxyinosine), an anthracycline antibiotic (doxorubicin), and a chelating agent (D-penicillamine). Cytological(More)
The interaction of rat cauda epididymal sperm cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA) with seminal vesicle fluid (SVF) proteins was examined. Specific proteins in SVF act as substrates for the sperm cell PKA. The apparent molecular weights of these proteins are 45.0, 31.5, 17.2, 14.7, and 13.3 kDa. The phosphorylation of one low-molecular-weight cauda sperm(More)
Rat caput and cauda epididymal sperm cAMP-dependent and cAMP-independent protein kinase activity was determined in three buffers with and without calcium. In all buffers, higher enzymatic activity for both enzymes was found in cauda than in caput sperm. Maximum protein kinase activities were found in a sucrose-magnesium phosphate buffer. A Krebs Ringer(More)