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Verapamil (VRP) improves ischemic tolerance of different organs including brain, kidney, liver and heart. We report here on the effects of preischemic VRP treatment on skeletal muscle function following 3 h of tourniquet ischemia and 2 h of reperfusion using a rodent model. Postischemic and contralateral limbs were evaluated. Fast (musculi peronei)- and(More)
In-hospital emergency medicine in central Europe relies on inter-disciplinary co-operation. To improve team performance in the emergency room (ER), a questionnaire for assessment of attitudes and judgements in resuscitation procedures was developed. A total of 43 items were evaluated according to a five-point Likert scale. With a response rate of 81%, 143(More)
BACKGROUND Ischemic preconditioning (IP) (one or more cycles each consisting of a short period of ischemia and a short period of reperfusion, before the sustained ischemia) reduces ischemia-related organ damage in heart and skeletal muscle but the underlying mechanisms are not clear. This study was intended to assess the possible involvement of K(ATP)(More)
Fast- (peroneal) and slow-twitch (soleus) skeletal muscles of anesthetized Wistar rats were subjected to 3 h of tourniquet ischemia. The intramuscular temperature of the leg was adjusted to 22, 30 or 35 degrees C (n = 12 per group) during ischemia. After 2 h of reperfusion, the muscles were electrically stimulated in vitro and muscular function was analyzed(More)
Ischemic preconditioning (IP), using one or more brief periods of ischemia before a sustained ischemia, represents a new approach to reduce tourniquet ischemia-induced skeletal muscle damage. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of IP on skeletal muscle function and high-energy phosphate tissues levels in a rodent model. IP protocols using(More)
AIM The aim of this study was to investigate whether the efficacy of ischemic preconditioning (IP) in rat skeletal muscle depends on the duration of the preconditioning cycles. METHODS Rats were divided into four groups (n = 10 each). The right hindlimb of rats in group A were subjected to 2.5 h of tourniquet ischemia followed by 2 h of reperfusion (I-R).(More)
Meckel's diverticulum is the most common anomaly of the gastrointestinal tract. Neoplasms are extremely rare. We report a case of carcinoid tumor of Meckel's diverticulum in a patient with acute abdominal pain. So far, 111 cases have been reported. Review of the literature reveals that carcinoids are the most common malignant tumors of Meckel's(More)
The duration of tourniquet-induced ischemia during orthopedic and reconstructive surgery is limited by the risk of ischemia and reperfusion injury to skeletal muscle. This study evaluated the potential of ischemic preconditioning (short periods of ischemia with intermittent reperfusion) to improve skeletal muscle function after ischemia and reperfusion in a(More)
Five years ATLS (Advanced Trauma Life Support) in Switzerland are analysed, the problems are discussed and the changes during this period are demonstrated. ATLS Switzerland is a part of the Swiss surgical Society, introduced by the ATLS International Faculty in 1998. Switzerland with 4 official languages needs a special structure. For this reason a(More)
We analysed the ATLS courses organized in Switzerland since 1998. At the students courses the surgeons exceed the participants with a percentage of 45.7%, followed by the anaesthesiologist with 36.3%. The senior residents dominate with 49.1%, followed by the residents with 42.3%. The chief surgeons come only to a per cent of 4.1%. The statistics of the(More)