Patrick Sturm

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BACKGROUND Selective digestive tract decontamination (SDD) and selective oropharyngeal decontamination (SOD) are infection-prevention measures used in the treatment of some patients in intensive care, but reported effects on patient outcome are conflicting. METHODS We evaluated the effectiveness of SDD and SOD in a crossover study using cluster(More)
After infection with Borrelia species, the risk for developing Lyme disease varies significantly between individuals. Recognition of Borrelia by the immune system is mediated by pattern recognition receptors (PRRs), such as TLRs. While TLR2 is the main recognition receptor for Borrelia spp., little is known about the role of TLR1 and TLR6, which both can(More)
Many laboratories use enzyme immunoassays (EIAs) for the diagnosis of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI). More recently, polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based diagnosis has been described as a sensitive test. Real-time PCR for the detection of C. difficile toxin A and B genes was evaluated. A prospective evaluation was performed on stool samples from 150(More)
A one-year time series of atmospheric CO 2 measurements from Bern, Switzerland, is presented. O 2 /N 2 and Ar/N 2 ratios as well as stable carbon and oxygen isotopes of CO 2 and δ 29 N 2 , δ 34 O 2 and δ 36 Ar were measured periodically during a one year period. Additionally, the 222 Rn activity was measured during three months in the winter 2004. Using the(More)
Extrahepatic biliary stenosis can be caused by benign and malignant disorders. In most cases, a tissue diagnosis is needed for optimal management of patients, but the sensitivity of biliary cytology for the diagnosis of a malignancy is relatively low. The additional diagnostic value of K-ras mutational analysis of endobiliary brush cytology was assessed.(More)
The biophysical properties of native cardiac erg1 and recombinant HERG1 channels have been shown to be influenced by the extracellular K(+) concentration ([K(+)](o)). The erg1 conductance, for example, increases dramatically with a rise in [K(+)](o). In the brain, where local [K(+)](o) can change considerably with the extent of physiological and(More)
INTRODUCTION The protein platform called the NOD-like-receptor -family member (NLRP)-3 inflammasome needs to be activated to process intracellular caspase-1. Active caspase-1 is able to cleave pro-Interleukin (IL)-1β, resulting in bioactive IL-1β. IL-1β is a potent proinflammatory cytokine, and thought to play a key role in the pathogenesis of Lyme(More)