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To gain insight into the defects responsible for impaired Th1 responses in human newborns, we analyzed the production of cytokines by dendritic cells (DC) derived from cord blood monocytes. We observed that neonatal DC generated from adherent cord blood mononuclear cells cultured for 6 days in the presence of IL-4 and GM-CSF show a phenotype similar to(More)
Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) are involved in tissue repair and in the regulation of immune responses. MSC express Toll-like receptors (TLR) known to link innate and adaptive immunity. We hypothesized that TLR signaling could influence human MSC (hMSC) function. Here, we show that hMSC express TLR1, TLR2, TLR3, TLR4, TLR5, and TLR6 but not TLR7, TLR8,(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the clinical findings and prevalence of patients with cryofibrinogenemia (CF) and to determine whether CF is associated with primary Raynaud's phenomenon. METHODS Between June 2006 and December 2009, 227 patients were tested for CF in a single university hospital. Forty-five patients with primary Raynaud's phenomenon were tested for(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the nature of and to compare the inflammatory responses induced by (1) endovascular and (2) conventional abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair. MATERIAL AND METHODS Twelve consecutive patients undergoing elective infrarenal AAA repair were prospectively studied. Seven patients were selected for endovascular procedures (the EAAA(More)
Leukocyte chemoattractants act through a rapidly growing subfamily of G protein-coupled receptors. We report the cloning of a novel human gene encoding an orphan receptor (ChemR23) related to the C3a, C5a and formyl Met-Leu-Phe receptors, and more distantly to the subfamilies of chemokine receptors. ChemR23 transcripts were found to be abundant in(More)
Real-time PCR represents a new methodology that accurately quantifies nucleic acids. This has been made possible by the use of fluorogenic probes, which are presented in two forms, namely hydrolysis probes (also called TaqMan probes) and hybridisation probes. We decided to apply this methodology to cytokine mRNA quantification and this led us to the(More)
Current literature suggests that T cells recognizing antigen on mature dendritic cells (DC) differentiate into effector T cells whereas tolerance is induced when antigen is presented by immature DC. We investigated the consequences of the interactions between immature or lipopolysaccharide-matured DC and CD4(pos) T lymphocytes in absence of foreign antigen.(More)
Adenosine is a potent endogenous antiinflammatory agent released by cells under metabolically unfavorable conditions. Its effects on the production of IL-10 by human monocytes were presently investigated. Pre-incubation with adenosine dose-dependently enhanced IL-10 release by TNF stimulated human monocytes (+29, +58, and +116% at 1, 10, and 100 muM,(More)
Long-term results of organ transplantation are still limited by serious side effects of immunosuppressive drugs. A major issue, therefore, is to elaborate novel therapeutic protocols allowing withdrawal or minimization of immunosuppressive therapy after transplantation. We report on 3 patients prospectively enrolled in an original protocol designed to(More)
The CD40 molecule expressed on endothelial cells has been shown to transduce activation signals resulting in upregulation of adhesion molecules. Herein, we studied the impact of CD40 engagement on the induction of tissue factor (TF)-dependent procoagulant activity (PCA) at the surface of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). First, we found that(More)