Patrick St-Pierre

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It has been observed that following viroid infection, there is an accumulation of viroid-derived siRNAs in infected plants. Some experimental results suggest that these small RNAs may be produced by the plant defense system to protect it from infection, indicating that viroids can elicit the RNA-silencing pathways. The objective of this study is to identify(More)
Many bacterial mRNAs are regulated at the transcriptional or translational level by ligand-binding elements called riboswitches. Although they both bind adenine, the adenine riboswitches of Bacillus subtilis and Vibrio vulnificus differ by controlling transcription and translation, respectively. Here, we demonstrate that, beyond the obvious difference in(More)
The peach latent mosaic viroid (PLMVd) is a small, circular RNA species that has been shown to induce RNA silencing in plants. With the goal of better understanding the biological mechanism underlying this process, the siRNAs found in PLMVd infected peach leaves were isolated and sequenced. Analysis of the resulting data prompted several conclusions,(More)
Therapeutic approaches employing RNA as a tool or as a drug target have recently emerged and have been employed for various applications-ranging from cancer treatment to virus infection. Despite the paucity of its molecular groups compared to proteins, RNA has nevertheless proved to be an excellent choice for researchers who have aspired to develop(More)
To date, single-molecule RNA science has been developed almost exclusively around the effect of metal ions as folding promoters and stabilizers of the RNA structure. Here, we introduce a novel strategy that combines single-molecule Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET) and chemical denaturation to observe and manipulate RNA dynamics. We demonstrate that(More)
Riboswitches are novel regulatory elements that respond to cellular metabolites to control gene expression. They are constituted of highly conserved domains that have evolved to recognize specific metabolites. Such domains, so-called aptamers, are folded into intricate structures to enable metabolite recognition. Over the years, the development of ensemble(More)
The first two oxygenation steps post-trichodiene in the biosyntheses of the trichothecenes 3-acetyldeoxynivalenol and sambucinol were investigated. The plausible intermediates 2-hydroxytrichodiene (2alpha- and 2beta-) and 12,13-epoxytrichodiene and the dioxygenated compounds 12,13-epoxy-9,10-trichoene-2-ol (2alpha- and 2beta-) were prepared specifically(More)
Riboswitches are ligand-dependent RNA genetic regulators that control gene expression by altering their structures. The elucidation of riboswitch conformational changes before and after ligand recognition is crucial to understand how riboswitches can achieve high ligand binding affinity and discrimination against cellular analogs. The detailed(More)
RNA folding studies aim to clarify the relationship among sequence, tridimensional structure, and biological function. In the last decade, the application of single-molecule fluorescence resonance energy transfer (sm-FRET) techniques to investigate RNA structure and folding has revealed the details of conformational changes and timescale of the process(More)
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