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The long-term damaging potential of remnant nephron hyperperfusion was investigated in patients who had undergone unilateral nephrectomy in childhood. 27 such patients were examined after a mean of 23.3 years postnephrectomy. The average creatinine clearance was 83.9 +/- 16.5 ml/min/1.73 m2 or 74.3% of that in healthy controls with two kidneys; it was a(More)
OBJECTIVE This study investigated the effect of insulin glargine (LANTUS) versus NPH insulin on metabolic control and safety in Asian patients with Type 2 diabetes, inadequately controlled on oral hypoglycemic agents (OHAs). STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS In this open-label, randomized, parallel, multinational, 24-week, non-inferiority study, 443 patients(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS In patients with cirrhosis, decreased renal water excretion is a common complication. Niravoline (RU51599), a kappa-opioid receptor agonist, has been shown to induce an aquaretic response. The aim of this study was to evaluate the aquaretic effect and tolerance of niravoline in patients with cirrhosis. METHODS Biochemical tests and(More)
Two children presented with nephrotic syndrome. Renal biopsy demonstrated minimal lesion nephrosis with mesangial IgA deposits. Response to prednisone therapy was prompt in both cases. The clinical and histologic features of these and other reported cases suggested a diagnosis of minimal lesion nephrosis and not IgA nephropathy (Berger's disease).
We report 2 cases of thoracic neural crest tumors complicating the course in patients with Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome (BWS). In the first patient, a thoracic neuroblastoma was fortuitously discovered at age 3 months on a chest film prior to a partial glossectomy. In the follow-up left nephroblastoma and a right kidney simple cyst appeared. In the second(More)
We noninvasively investigated the effects of a single 30-min i.v. infusion of a 2-mg dose of niravoline, a new selective kappa-opioid agonist, on systemic and regional (brachial artery) hemodynamics, on plasma levels of the main hormones regulating the cardiovascular system, on diuresis and on plasma and urinary osmolalities and electrolytes. This was a(More)
Four patients with total aganglionosis of the intestine had renal abnormalities. Two patients had cortical subcapsular cysts, one had unilateral renal agenesis and one other had unilateral renal dysplasia. The consistency of renal anomalies with total aganglionosis suggests the presence of a common genetic origin.
Post-transplant polycythemia is not uncommon in adult patients and is usually transient, responding to phlebotomy. Five pediatric patients developed erythrocytosis post-transplantation. Three patients had end-stage renal disease due to cystinosis, one had reflux glomerulopathy and one had focal glomerular sclerosis. The probable causes of the polycythemia(More)
The AT.LANTUS trial recently demonstrated the efficacy and safety of insulin glargine initiation and maintenance using two different treatment algorithms in poorly controlled type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). This sub-analysis investigated glycemic control and safety in 686 patients switching from premixed insulin (premix) with or without (+/-OADs) to(More)
A boy, aged 14 1/2 years, presented with Burkitt leukemia. His renal status was normal before treatment. Chemotherapy (SFOP LMB 86 protocol) was begun Oct. 9, 1986. After the first 2 courses of chemotherapy, the patient had Gram negative sepsis treated with cefotaxime, netilmycine, Vancomycin and ornidazole. During sepsis, nephrotic syndrome developed(More)