Patrick Schultz

Learn More
Budding yeast RNA polymerase III (Pol III) contains a small, essential subunit, named C11, that is conserved in humans and shows a strong homology to TFIIS. A mutant Pol III, heterocomplemented with Schizosaccharomyces pombe C11, was affected in transcription termination in vivo. A purified form of the enzyme (Pol III Delta), deprived of C11 subunit,(More)
SAGA/TFTC-type multiprotein complexes play important roles in the regulation of transcription. We have investigated the importance of the nuclear positioning of a gene, its transcription and the consequent export of the nascent mRNA. We show that E(y)2 is a subunit of the SAGA/TFTC-type histone acetyl transferase complex in Drosophila and that E(y)2(More)
The Saccharomyces cerevisiae SAGA complex is a multifunctional coactivator that regulates transcription by RNA polymerase II. The 3D structure of SAGA, revealed by electron microscopy, is formed by five modular domains and shows a high degree of structural conservation to human TFTC, reflecting their related subunit composition. The positions of several(More)
TFIIH is a multiprotein complex required for both transcription and DNA repair. Single particles of human TFIIH were revealed by electron microscopy and image processing at a resolution of 3.8 nm. TFIIH is 16 x 12.5 x 7.5 nm in size and is organized into a ring-like structure from which a large protein domain protrudes out. A subcomplex assembled from five(More)
RNA polymerase I (Pol I) is dedicated to transcription of the large ribosomal DNA (rDNA). The mechanism of Pol I recruitment onto rDNA promoters is poorly understood. Here we present evidence that subunit A43 of Pol I interacts with transcription factor Rrn3: conditional mutations in A43 were found to disrupt the transcriptionally competent Pol I-Rrn3(More)
The transcription factor TFIID, composed of the TATA box-binding protein (TBP) and 14 TBP-associated factors (TAFs), plays a key role in the regulation of gene expression by RNA polymerase II. The structure of yeast TFIID, as determined by electron microscopy and digital image analysis, is formed by three lobes, labelled A-C, connected by thin linking(More)
We have analyzed the developmental molecular programs of the mouse hippocampus, a cortical structure critical for learning and memory, by means of large-scale DNA microarray techniques. Of 11,000 genes and expressed sequence tags examined, 1,926 showed dynamic changes during hippocampal development from embryonic day 16 to postnatal day 30. Gene-cluster(More)
The initiation of gene transcription by RNA polymerase II is regulated by a plethora of proteins in human cells. The first general transcription factor to bind gene promoters is transcription factor IID (TFIID). TFIID triggers pre-initiation complex formation, functions as a coactivator by interacting with transcriptional activators and reads epigenetic(More)
We have examined the binding of the linker histone H5 (LH) to mononucleosomes. Mononucleosomes reconstituted on short DNA fragments display a series of discrete bands on a gel corresponding to various nucleosome positions along the DNA. When a series of engineered H5s with differing extents of the C-terminal tail are bound to these mononucleosomes, the(More)