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BACKGROUND We investigated whether the combination of multi-modal behaviour therapy (BT) with fluvoxamine is superior to BT and placebo in the acute treatment of severely ill in-patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). METHOD In a randomised, double-blind design, 30 patients were treated for nine weeks with BT plus placebo and 30 patients with(More)
A 22-year-old woman developed an increasing distal paraparesis, which resulted in a severe ataxic gait. MRI demonstrated a very large intramedullary tumour mass from D11 to L2, which could not be identified as one of the common neoplastic diseases of the spinal cord. The tumour was removed completely and the diagnosis of subependymoma confirmed. With(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Maintenance of adequate blood flow and oxygen to the brain is one of the principal endpoints of all surgery and anesthesia. During operations in general anesthesia, however, the brain is at particular risk for silent ischemia. Despite this risk, the brain still remains one of the last monitored organs in clincial anesthesiology. RECENT(More)
Trendelenburg positioning in combination with pneumoperitoneum during robotic-assisted prostatic surgery possibly impairs cerebrovascular autoregulation. If cerebrovascular autoregulation is disturbed, arterial hypertension might induce cerebral hyperaemia and brain oedema, while low arterial blood pressure can induce cerebral ischaemia. The time course of(More)
BACKGROUND The present study assesses the utility of a novel invasive device (O2C-, oxygen-to-see-device) for intraoperative measurement of the cerebral microcirculation. CO2 vasoreactivity during 2 different propofol concentrations was used to investigate changes of capillary venous cerebral blood flow (rvCBF), oxygen saturation (srvO2), and hemoglobin(More)
BACKGROUND Laparoscopic interventions in children gain increasing popularity. Pneumoperitoneum as applied during laparoscopic surgery can induce gas emboli formation, but it is unclear whether this is associated with cerebral embolic events. To investigate the hypothesis that pneumoperitoneum causes cerebral emboli in children, the number and intensity of(More)
Arsenic concentration was measured by atomic absorption spectrometer in ejaculates of 13 subfertile men, 6 control individuals and pool-ejaculate of 24 further andrological patients. While the detection limit was 1 microgram/l, arsenic concentration amounted to 2 micrograms AS/l in ejaculates. In the cellular fractions of seminal fluid, concentration of(More)
BACKGROUND In patients with neuronal injury, the knowledge of the status of cerebrovascular autoregulation can help to optimize the management of the cerebral perfusion pressure. This study characterizes dynamic and static cerebrovascular autoregulation during the first 7 days after severe traumatic brain injury or intracranial hemorrhage. METHODS After(More)
The concentrations of fluconazole, a systemic antifungal agent, were determined in the split ejaculate of seven healthy volunteers. Following once-daily oral administration of fluconazole 200 mg over a period of 5 days, the fluconazole levels were determined in ejaculate samples which had been divided into two consecutive fractions upon collection.(More)
INTRODUCTION Sepsis-associated delirium (SAD) increases morbidity in septic patients and, therefore, factors contributing to SAD should be further characterized. One possible mechanism might be the impairment of cerebrovascular autoregulation (AR) by sepsis, leading to cerebral hypo- or hyperperfusion in these haemodynamically unstable patients. Therefore,(More)