Patrick Schauerte

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Authors/Task Force members: Stephan Windecker* (ESC Chairperson) (Switzerland), Philippe Kolh* (EACTS Chairperson) (Belgium), Fernando Alfonso (Spain), Jean-Philippe Collet (France), Jochen Cremer (Germany), Volkmar Falk (Switzerland), Gerasimos Filippatos (Greece), Christian Hamm (Germany), Stuart J. Head (The Netherlands), Peter Jüni (Switzerland), A.(More)
AIMS To assess if myocardial deformation imaging allows definition of an optimal left ventricular (LV) lead position with improved effectiveness of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) on LV reverse remodelling. METHODS Circumferential strain imaging based on tracking of acoustic markers within 2D echo images (GE Ultrasound) was performed in 47 heart(More)
BACKGROUND Vagal stimulation shortens the atrial effective refractory period (AERP) and maintains atrial fibrillation (AF). This study investigated whether the parasympathetic pathways that innervate the atria can be identified and ablated by use of transvenous catheter stimulation and radiofrequency current catheter ablation (RFCA) techniques. METHODS(More)
INTRODUCTION Atrial fibrosis has been shown to concur with the persistence of atrial fibrillation (AF) and is only incompletely reversible, thus counteracting attempts to restore and maintain sinus rhythm (SR). Besides the angiotensin system, the matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) play a major role in the pathogenesis of fibrosis. Thus, the present study(More)
During atrial fibrillation, arterial hypertension and systolic or diastolic heart failure, atrial myocytes are exposed to increased baseline stretch. Atrial stretch has been shown to induce cellular hypertrophy and extracellular matrix remodeling (ECM) via angiotensin-II dependent pathways and the matrix metalloproteinases system (MMPs). We hypothesized(More)
Several new devices for the treatment of heart failure (HF) patients have been introduced and are increasingly used in clinical practice or are under clinical evaluation in either observational and/or randomized clinical trials. These devices include cardiac contractility modulation, spinal cord stimulation, carotid sinus nerve stimulation, cervical vagal(More)
INTRODUCTION Focal paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF) was shown recently to originate in the pulmonary veins (PVs) and superior vena cava (SVC). In the present study, we describe an animal model in which local high-frequency electrical stimulation produces focal atrial activation and AF/AT (atrial tachycardia) with electrogram characteristics consistent(More)
BACKGROUND Electric stimulation of mediastinal sympathetic cardiac nerves increases cardiac contractility but is not selective for the left ventricle because it elicits sinus tachycardia and enhanced atrioventricular conduction. The aim of this study was to identify sympathetic neural structures inside the heart that selectively control left ventricular(More)
OBJECTIVES To identify intravascular sites for continuous, stable parasympathetic stimulation (PS) in order to control the ventricular rate during atrial fibrillation (AF). BACKGROUND Ventricular rate control during AF in patients with congestive heart failure is a significant clinical problem because many drugs that slow the ventricular rate may depress(More)
Recently, we have shown that high frequency electrical field stimulation (HFES) of sympathetic neurons (SN) induces nerve sprouting by up-regulation of nerve growth factor (NGF) which targets the tyrosine kinase A receptor (TrkA) in an autocrine/paracrine manner. There is increasing evidence that matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) is not only involved in(More)