Patrick S. Parfrey

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Chronic kidney disease1 (CKD) is a worldwide public health problem. In the United States, there is a rising incidence and prevalence of kidney failure, with poor outcomes and high cost. The number of individuals with kidney failure treated by dialysis and transplantation exceeded 320 000 in 1998 and is expected to surpass 650 000 by 2010.1,2 There is an(More)
BACKGROUND Anemia is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular and renal events among patients with type 2 diabetes and chronic kidney disease. Although darbepoetin alfa can effectively increase hemoglobin levels, its effect on clinical outcomes in these patients has not been adequately tested. METHODS In this study involving 4038 patients with(More)
Cilia and flagella are microtubule-based structures nucleated by modified centrioles termed basal bodies. These biochemically complex organelles have more than 250 and 150 polypeptides, respectively. To identify the proteins involved in ciliary and basal body biogenesis and function, we undertook a comparative genomics approach that subtracted the(More)
To determine the interfamilial and intrafamilial variation in the expression of the Bardet-Biedl syndrome (a form of Laurence-Moon-Biedl syndrome), we looked for the five recognized features of the disorder (retinal dystrophy, obesity, polydactyly, mental retardation, and hypogonadism), plus possible renal manifestations, in some or all of 32 patients with(More)
End-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients have a high cardiovascular mortality rate. Precise estimates of the prevalence, risk factors and prognosis of different manifestations of cardiac disease are unavailable. In this study a prospective cohort of 433 ESRD patients was followed from the start of ESRD therapy for a mean of 41 months. Baseline clinical(More)
BACKGROUND Left ventricular disease occurs frequently in dialysis patients. It may be manifest as concentric LV hypertrophy, LV dilatation with or without LV hypertrophy, or systolic dysfunction. Little is known concerning the clinical outcome and risk factors for these disorders. METHODS A cohort of 432 end-stage renal disease patients who survived at(More)
BACKGROUND Disorders of mineral metabolism, including secondary hyperparathyroidism, are thought to contribute to extraskeletal (including vascular) calcification among patients with chronic kidney disease. It has been hypothesized that treatment with the calcimimetic agent cinacalcet might reduce the risk of death or nonfatal cardiovascular events in such(More)
The annual mortality from cardiovascular disease in dialysis patients is substantially higher than in the general population (Figure 1) (1). The 5-yr survival of men .64 yr old starting dialysis is worse than that of men with colon cancer and prostate cancer (2). The 5-yr survival of women .64 yr old starting dialysis is worse than that of women with breast(More)
It is unclear whether physiologic hemoglobin targets lead to cardiac benefit in incident hemodialysis patients without symptomatic heart disease and left ventricular dilation. In this randomized, double-blind study, lower (9.5 to 11.5 g/dl) and higher (13.5 to 14.5 g/dl) hemoglobin targets were generated with epoetin alpha over 24 wk and maintained for an(More)