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We propose a new spatio-temporal elastic registration algorithm for motion reconstruction from a series of images. The specific application is to estimate displacement fields from two-dimensional ultrasound sequences of the heart. The basic idea is to find a spatio-temporal deformation field that effectively compensates for the motion by minimizing a… (More)

We propose a novel method for image reconstruction from nonuniform samples with no constraints on their locations. We adopt a variational approach where the reconstruction is formulated as the minimizer of a cost that is a weighted sum of two terms: (1) the sum of squared errors at the specified points and (2) a quadratic functional that penalizes the lack… (More)

Many practical applications require the reconstruction of images from irregularly sampled data. The spline formalism offers an attractive framework for solving this problem; the currently available methods, however, are hard to deploy for large-scale interpolation problems in dimensions greater than two (3-D, 3-D+time) because of an exponential increase of… (More)

The quantitative assessment of cardiac motion is a fundamental concept to evaluate ventricular malfunction. We present a new optical-flow-based method for estimating heart motion from two-dimensional echocardiographic sequences. To account for typical heart motions, such as contraction/expansion and shear, we analyze the images locally by using a… (More)

We present a new computational method for reconstructing a vector velocity field from scattered, pulsed-wave ultrasound Doppler data. The main difficulty is that the Doppler measurements are incomplete, for they do only capture the velocity component along the beam direction. We thus propose to combine measurements from different beam directions. However,… (More)

We introduce local weighted geometric moments that are computed from an image within a sliding window at multiple scales. When the window function satisfies a two-scale relation, we prove that lower order moments can be computed efficiently at dyadic scales by using a multiresolution wavelet-like algorithm. We show that B-splines are well-suited window… (More)

Wavelet-based methods have become most popular for the compression of two-dimensional medical images and sequences. The standard implementations consider data sizes that are powers of two. There is also a large body of literature treating issues such as the choice of the "optimal" wavelets and the performance comparison of competing algorithms. With the… (More)

The folding kinetics of the variable domains of the phosphorylcholine-binding antibody McPC603, combined into a scFv fragment [VH-(Gly4Ser)3-VL], were investigated by the use of fluorescence spectroscopy, nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), and mass spectrometry (MS). All three methods gave evidence for the occurrence of a major kinetic intermediate during… (More)

Autonomous capillary systems (CSs), where liquids are displaced by means of capillarity, are efficient, fast and convenient platforms for many bioanalytical applications. The proper functioning of these microfluidic devices requires displacing accurate volumes of liquids with precise flow rates. In this work, we show how to design capillary pumps for… (More)