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The cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) is an epithelial chloride channel mutated in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). The most prevalent CFTR mutation, ΔF508, blocks folding in the endoplasmic reticulum. Recent work has shown that some ΔF508-CFTR channel activity can be recovered by pharmaceutical modulators ("potentiators" and(More)
Protein-protein interactions (PPIs) are vital for cell signal-ing, protein trafficking and localization, gene expression, and many other biological functions. Rational modification of PPI targets provides a mechanism to understand their function and importance. However, PPI systems often have many more degrees of freedom and flexibility than the(More)
PDZ domain interactions are involved in signaling and trafficking pathways that coordinate crucial cellular processes. Alignment-based PDZ binding motifs identify the few most favorable residues at certain positions along the peptide backbone. However, sequences that bind the CAL (CFTR-associated ligand) PDZ domain reveal only a degenerate motif that(More)
We have identified a series of small molecules that bind to the canonical peptide binding groove of the PDZ1 domain of NHERF1 and effectively compete with the association of the C-terminus of the parathyroid hormone 1 receptor (PTH1R). Employing nuclear magnetic resonance and molecular modeling, we characterize the mode of binding that involves the GYGF(More)
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