Patrick R. Connelly

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Two fragments of pancreatic ribonuclease A, a truncated version of S-peptide (residues 1-15) and S-protein (residues 21-124), combine to give a catalytically active complex designated ribonuclease S. Residue 13 in the peptide is methionine. According to the X-ray structure of the complex of S-protein and S-peptide (1-20), this residue is almost fully(More)
The objective of this work was to contribute to the understanding of mechanisms for IMPDH inhibition. We over-expressed hamster type II IMPDH in Escherichia coli, purified the protein to apparent homogeneity, and used capillary electrophoresis to quantify enzyme turnover events accompanying inhibition by mycophenolic acid (MPA). We dissected two convergent(More)
PURPOSE To quantify measurement uncertainties of fractional anisotropy, mean diffusivity, and principal eigenvector orientations in human diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) data acquired with common clinical protocols using a wild bootstrap analysis, and to establish optimal scan protocols for clinical DTI acquisitions. MATERIALS AND METHODS A group of 13(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE The organogenesis of esophageal atresia with tracheoesophageal fistula (EA-TEF) is unknown. Using an established model for EA-TEF in rats, the authors proposed to study this aberrancy of development in the hope of gaining insight into its mechanism of formation. METHODS Pregnant Sprague-Dawley rats were injected with 2.2 mg/kg of(More)
PURPOSE Using an established rat model of esophageal atresia with tracheoesophageal fistula (EA-TEF), the authors have studied the organogenesis of this congenital anomaly. The authors previously have proposed that the "distal esophagus" actually is of respiratory lineage. In this report this hypothesis is tested by examining the expression of two foregut(More)
Parallel measurements of the thermodynamics (free-energy, enthalpy, entropy and heat-capacity changes) of ligand binding to FK506 binding protein (FKBP-12) in H2O and D2O have been performed in an effort to probe the energetic contributions of single protein-ligand hydrogen bonds formed in the binding reactions. Changing tyrosine-82 to phenylalanine in(More)
Employment of high-precision thin-layer methods has enabled detailed functional characterization of oxygen and carbon monoxide binding for (1) the fully assembled form with 70 binding sites and (2) the isolated chains with 7 binding sites of Octopus dofleini hemocyanin. The striking difference in the cooperativities of the two ligands for the assembled(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to analyze the formation of blood vessels in the developing mouse pancreas and lung by studying two ligands, angiopoietin-1 (ang1) and angiopoietin-2 (ang2), which are thought to play a role as angiogenesis-activating factors in development. Understanding the role of vasculogenic peptides in normal embryonic development(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE The mammalian pancreas is thought to develop through a complex interaction between the budding epithelium and the surrounding mesenchyme. The exact nature of this interaction is unclear. Most of what is known to date of these interactions comes from a series of organ culture experiments done in the late 1960s. Nevertheless, these(More)