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Endoscopy has assumed a preeminent role in the diagnostic approach to IBD. It is more sensitive than radiography in detecting early, subtle changes of IBD, both through endoscopic appearance and histologic sampling of mucosa. Endoscopy also appears to be a safe technique in patients presenting with severe forms of colitis and can play an important role in(More)
Diabetic retinopathy remains a frightening prospect to patients and frustrates physicians. Destruction of damaged retina by photocoagulation remains the primary treatment nearly 50 years after its introduction. The diabetes pandemic requires new approaches to understand the pathophysiology and improve the detection, prevention, and treatment of retinopathy.(More)
Because various recent studies in both human and laboratory animals have indicated an influential role of glucose and phosphate in embryonic development, this study was initiated to assess the effect of culture medium lacking glucose and phosphate on human IVF. Initial studies with mouse zygotes indicated a significant improvement in embryonic development(More)
Transcription of the phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (PEPCK) gene is induced by glucagon, acting through cAMP and protein kinase A, and this induction is inhibited by insulin. Conflicting reports have suggested that insulin inhibits induction by cAMP by activating the Ras/mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway or by activating the(More)
The minimal DNA sequence required for glucocorticoid induction of the phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (PEPCK) gene in H4IIE rat hepatoma cells was defined. This novel glucocorticoid response unit (GRU) spans about 110 base pairs (bp) and includes two receptor-binding elements plus two accessory factor-binding elements. Purified glucocorticoid receptor(More)
Tamoxifen and related compounds decrease membrane fluidity in ox-brain phospholipid liposomes: their order of effectiveness is, 4-hydroxytamoxifen > 17 beta-oestradiol > tamoxifen > cis-tamoxifen > N-desmethyltamoxifen > cholesterol. A good positive correlation was demonstrated between the decrease in membrane fluidity by these compounds and their(More)
In neurons and neuroendocrine cells, tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) gene expression is induced by stimuli that elevate cAMP, by depolarization, and by hypoxia. Using these stimuli, we examined TH promoter mutants, cAMP response element binding protein (CREB) phosphorylation site mutants, and transcriptional interference with dominant negative transcription(More)
The effect of anticoagulation on platelet size stability was studied using blood collected in seven different anticoagulants and stored at room temperature for up to eight hours. The mean platelet volume (MPV) value was most stable in blood collected in 15% ACD and ACD/Na2EDTA. In blood collected in Na2EDTA, K3EDTA, or 11.9% ACD, there was an increase in(More)
The effects of high density and low density lipoproteins (HDL and LDL) on testosterone synthesis by Leydig cells from rats treated three days earlier with 50 IU human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) or from saline-injected control rats were investigated. HDL caused a significant, dose-dependent increase in both basal and hCG-stimulated testosterone production(More)
OBJECTIVE We performed a case-control study to evaluate risk factors and possible modes of transmission for hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in patients with no history of blood transfusion or injection drug use. METHODS Study subjects were selected from among patients seen in gastroenterology outpatient clinics at a university medical center in the(More)