Patrick Pun

Learn More
Cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) is high, and the presence of CKD worsens outcomes of cardiovascular disease (CVD). CKD is associated with specific risk factors. Emerging evidence indicates that the pathology and manifestation of CVD differ in the presence of CKD. During a clinical update conference(More)
BACKGROUND The benefit of a primary prevention implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) among patients with chronic kidney disease is uncertain. STUDY DESIGN Meta-analysis of patient-level data from randomized controlled trials. SETTING & POPULATION Patients with symptomatic heart failure and left ventricular ejection fraction<35%. SELECTION(More)
BACKGROUND Sudden cardiac death is the leading cause of death among end-stage kidney disease patients (ESKD) on dialysis, but the benefit of primary prevention implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) in this population is uncertain. We conducted this investigation to compare the mortality of dialysis patients receiving a primary prevention ICD with(More)
Sudden cardiac arrest is the most common cause of death among patients with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) maintained on hemodialysis. Here we sought to identify dialysis-related factors associated with this increased risk in a case-control study encompassing 43,200 patients dialyzed in outpatient clinics of a large organization. Within this group, we(More)
Cardiac arrest (CA) is the most common cause of death in hemodialysis patients, and factors that improve survival after arrest are unknown. This study sought to identify modifiable factors that are associated with survival after CA in hemodialysis clinics. Patients who experienced in-center CA in the Gambro Healthcare System in the United States from 2002(More)
Sudden cardiac death is the most common cause of mortality among patients with end-stage kidney disease maintained on hemodialysis. To examine whether this increased risk is also seen with less advanced kidney disease, we studied the relationship between glomerular filtration rate and risk of sudden cardiac death in patients with moderate kidney disease and(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES The optimal dialysate calcium concentration to maintain normal mineralization and reduce risk of cardiovascular events in hemodialysis patients is debated. Guidelines suggest that dialysate Ca concentration should be lowered to avoid vascular calcification, but cardiac arrhythmias may be more likely to occur at lower dialysate Ca.(More)
Automated external defibrillators (AED) have been recommended for use in outpatient dialysis clinics to improve outcomes from cardiac arrest, the most common cause of death in patients with ESRD. The effectiveness of this policy is unknown. The study cohort consisted of 43,200 hemodialysis patients in the US Gambro Healthcare System from 2002 to 2005. Of(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Data collected by the US Renal Data System (USRDS) identify sudden cardiac death (SCD) as the leading cause of death among hemodialysis patients. However, evidence suggests that clinical events captured on the USRDS death notification form may be inaccurate. A new method for classifying SCD was recently developed to enhance the(More)
Sudden cardiac death is a major problem in hemodialysis patients, and our understanding of this disease is underdeveloped. The lack of a precise definition tailored for use in the hemodialysis population limits the reliability of epidemiologic reports. Efforts should be directed toward an accurate classification of all deaths that occur in this vulnerable(More)