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QUESTION UNDER STUDY To evaluate the situation of Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) in Switzerland. METHODS Through a questionnaire, Swiss gynaecologists were asked if they have been confronted to FGMs, if they have been asked to perform infibulations and FGMs. The health representatives (Kantonsärzte/médecins cantonaux) were interviewed on FGM activity at(More)
To determine the role of Chlamydia trachomatis in miscarriage, we prospectively collected serum, cervicovaginal swab specimens, and placental samples from 386 women with and without miscarriage. Prevalence of immunoglobulin G against C. trachomatis was higher in the miscarriage group than in the control group (15.2% vs. 7.3%; p = 0.018). Association between(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the effects of neonatal hypoglycemia on physical growth and neurocognitive function. STUDY DESIGN A systematic detection of hypoglycemia (<2.6 mmol/L or 47 mg/dL) was carried out in 85 small-for-gestational-age preterm neonates. Prospective serial evaluations of physical growth and psychomotor development were performed.(More)
Ureaplasma urealyticum is the microorganism most frequently isolated from the amniotic fluid of women in preterm labor. The relationship between intra-amniotic U. urealyticum in healthy second-trimester pregnant women and subsequent pregnancy outcome was investigated. Transabdominal amniotic fluid obtained from 254 asymptomatic women at 15-17 weeks'(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the safety of a new platelet count threshold for the definition of maternal thrombocytopenia late in pregnancy. METHODS A platelet count was performed in 6770 pregnant women late in pregnancy and in 6103 of their newborns as well as in a control group of 287 age-matched nonpregnant healthy women. RESULTS The prevalence of maternal(More)
BACKGROUND Predicting postnatal renal function is crucial for the prenatal evaluation of fetal bilateral uropathies. Prenatal ultrasound can identify intrauterine terminal renal failure, but is not sensitive enough to identify those infants who would survive with an impaired renal function. Because it reflects fetal glomerular filtration, fetal serum(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the adverse neonatal and maternal outcomes after medically indicated and elective labor induction. Both induction groups were also compared to women with spontaneous onset of labor. METHOD Retrospective cohort study of 13 971 women with live, cephalic singleton pregnancies who delivered at term (from 1997 to 2007). Adverse maternal(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess prospectively the diagnostic reliability and prognostic significance of prenatal diagnosis of cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection. METHODS One hundred ten pregnant women (four with twin pregnancies) with a risk of congenital CMV infection were investigated. Prenatal diagnosis was carried out by amniocentesis and fetal blood sampling (n =(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the effect of pelvic floor education after vaginal delivery on pelvic floor characteristics in nulliparous women. METHODS We examined 107 nulliparas during pregnancy and at 9 weeks and 10 months after vaginal delivery. Methods used included a questionnaire, clinical examination, perineosonography, urethral pressure profiles, and(More)