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The Bologna Process aims to create a European Higher Education Area by 2010, in which students can choose from a wide and transparent range of high quality courses and benefit from smooth recognition procedures. The Bologna Declaration of June 1999 has put in motion a series of reforms needed to make European Higher Education more compatible and comparable,(More)
Oocyte development during the first vitellogenic cycle of Coelotes terrestris and Tegenaria domestica is described. Under the present conditions, this development took about 40 days during which the oocytes went through six stages of maturation. For the first time presence of ecdysteroids is reported in adult females of spiders. Hemolymphatic ecdysteroid(More)
The temperature-sensitive 1(3)ecd-1ts mutation (A. Garen, L. Kauvar, and J.A. Lepesant (1977). Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci USA 74, 5099-5103.) has been used in several laboratories to obtain Drosophila larvae deprived of moulting hormone. The development of mutants and controls during the third larval instar at permissive (20 degrees C) and restrictive(More)
Hemolymph ecdysteroid titers in fifth instar larvae of Rhodnius prolixus were determined by radioimmunoassay, and their prothoracic glands were excised and examined by electron microscopy. During the last larval instar, the titer of ecdysteroid increased between the head-critical period until Day 13, at which time the peak titer was 3100 pg(More)
An esterase cDNA was isolated from the cabbage armyworm Mamestra brassicae antennae by PCR strategy. The full-length cDNA, designated as Mbra-EST, contains a 1638 bp open reading frame encoding a predicted protein of 546 amino acids. This predicted protein presents the structural characteristics of known insect carboxyl-esterases, in particular the(More)
The involvement of cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes in olfaction has been demonstrated in vertebrates over the past decade. In insects, these enzymes are well known for their role in biosynthesis of endogenous compounds as well as xenobiotic metabolism, but the presence of olfactory cytochrome P450s was poorly investigated. Using a PCR-based strategy, we have(More)
Ecdysteroids, or molting hormones, have been proven to be key differentiation regulators for epidermal cells in the postembryonic development of arthropods. Regulators of cell proliferation, however, remain largely unknown. To date, no diffusible insect peptidic growth factors have been characterized. Molecules structurally related to insulin have been(More)
It is now well established that ecdysteroids can be produced in insects in the absence of prothoracic glands. In this respect, it has been shown that cells in culture can produce ecdysteroids. Our aims were: (1) to determine whether ecdysteroid target cells of epidermal origin could also be the source of ecdysteroids; (2) to monitor more accurately the(More)
Attractiveness in adult females of Calliphora vomitoria is correlated with ovarian development and there is a marked increase during the previtellogenic and vitellogenic periods. The development of attractiveness may result from the combined actions of ecdysteroids and juvenile hormone. A rise in total hydrocarbons parallels the first increase in levels of(More)
Diflubenzuron and OMS 2017 are insect growth regulators that affect larval to adult development in Aedes aegypti (L.) by altering ecdysis. When larvae were exposed to sublethal concentrations, surviving adults express reduced reproductive potential. In mosquitoes, ecdysteroids are important in larval and adult ovarian development. We applied 30% emergence(More)