Patrick Pinot

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A new watt balance project is now in progress at the Bureau National de Métrologie (BNM), Paris, France. In this paper, the general configuration and the main parts of the experimental setup currently in development are presented. The aim is to contribute to the international effort in monitoring the kilogram toward a new definition of the mass unit with a(More)
This article presents a device for the study of physisorbed elements on polished surfaces (diameter ⩽56 mm) of the kind used in mass metrology. The technique is based on mass spectrometry of molecules desorbed after heating under vacuum of the analyzed surface. We describe a first application of the device to study current and future mass standards in order(More)
This paper presents a preliminary analysis for designing a force comparator to be used in the French watt balance experiment. The first stage of this experiment consists in a static equilibrium, by means of a mechanical beam balance, between a gravitational force (a weight of an artefact having a known mass submitted to the acceleration due to the gravity)(More)
This paper presents a preliminary study of an elementary device consisting of a small plate made from pyrolytic carbon levitated above a magnet array which is sensitive to any irradiating laser power. This device might provide an interesting alternative to power meters based on thermal measurement techniques via the Stefan-Boltzmann law or the(More)
This paper describes the mechanical and electrical modifications carried out on the LNE watt balance to reduce the noise level associated with the static phase. The mechanical improvements concern the home-made balance beam using flexure hinges as pivots of the force comparator. The electrical improvements involve the source used to servo-control the(More)
A new device has been developed for the study of physisorbed elements on polished and large surface used in mass metrology. This technique, based on the analysis by mass spectrometry of desorbed molecules caused by heating under vacuum from the analyzed surface, is presented. The first application of this device is the study of the current and future mass(More)
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