Patrick Pasquina

Learn More
Objective: To explore three aspects of non-invasive pressure support ventilation (NIPSV) applied by face mask to patients with acute respiratory failure (ARF) due to severe community-acquired pneumonia (CAP): (1) the initial acute effects on respiratory rate, gas exchange and hemodynamics, (2) the clinical course and outcome during ICU and hospital stay,(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess whether respiratory physiotherapy prevents pulmonary complications after cardiac surgery. DATA SOURCES Searches through Medline, Embase, Cinahl, the Cochrane library, and bibliographies, for randomised trials comparing any type of prophylactic respiratory physiotherapy with another type or no intervention after cardiac surgery, with a(More)
OBJECTIVES To examine the efficacy of respiratory physiotherapy for prevention of pulmonary complications after abdominal surgery. METHODS We searched in databases and bibliographies for articles in all languages through November 2005. Randomized trials were included if they investigated prophylactic respiratory physiotherapy and pulmonary outcomes, and(More)
OBJECTIVE To explore the perception of dyspnoea in patients with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. DESIGN Cross-sectional study using mixed methods. METHODS Thirty-two patients with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease were included. Data collected included 3 health-related quality of life questionnaires (SF-36, St George and Maugeri(More)
Atelectasis is common after cardiac surgery and may result in impaired gas exchange. Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is often used to prevent or treat postoperative atelectasis. We hypothesized that noninvasive pressure support ventilation (NIPSV) by increasing tidal volume could improve the evolution of atelectasis more than CPAP.(More)
BACKGROUND Recent home ventilators are equipped with built-in software which provides data such as compliance, estimations of leaks, tidal volume, minute ventilation, respiratory rate, apnea and apnea-hypopnea indexes, and percentage of inspirations triggered by the patient (or ventilator). However, for many of these variables, there is neither consensus(More)
Home mechanical ventilation (HMV) is the treatment of choice for patients with chronic hypercapnic respiratory failure. Since the middle of the 1980's, the number of cases under HMV has markedly increased. Presently, at our centre (n=176 patients), obesity-hypoventilation syndrome (36%), and COPD (21%) are the most frequent indications for HMV. Classical(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the factors associated with failure of noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (NPPV) in patients presenting with acute respiratory failure to the emergency department (ED). METHODS The authors retrospectively analyzed patients admitted to the ED for acute respiratory failure (defined as a PaCO2 level >45 mm Hg, and pH < or =(More)
  • 1