Patrick P McDonald

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Activated neutrophils have the ability to upregulate the expression of many genes, in particular those encoding cytokines and chemokines, and to subsequently release the corresponding proteins. Although little is known to date concerning the regulation of gene transcription in neutrophils, it is noteworthy that many of these genes depend on the activation(More)
We recently reported that phagocytosis of apoptotic cells inhibits the release of inflammatory cytokines by human macrophages. In this paper we show that apoptotic cell uptake by mouse J774 macrophages also inhibits the synthesis and secretion of the chemokines, macrophage inflammatory protein-2 (Mip-2), KC, and Mip-1alpha (but not that of monocyte(More)
Hypoxia is a common tumorigenesis enhancer, mostly owing to its impact on gene expression of many angiogenic and invasion-related mediators, some of which are natural substrates for the proprotein convertase furin. Analysis of furin promoters revealed the presence of putative binding sites for hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1), a transcription complex that(More)
Recognition and removal is the final common event in the lives of most apoptotic cells in vivo. Macrophages are particularly talented at this task and therefore play a central role in the resolution of inflammation. Because macrophages remove apoptotic cells prior to their lysis, the release of potentially toxic and/or pro-inflammatory intracellular(More)
Neutrophils are key players of innate immunity and influence inflammatory and immune reactions through the production of numerous cytokines. Interleukin-18 (IL-18) is known to stimulate several neutrophil responses, and recent evidence suggests that neutrophils might represent a source of IL-18. Here, we show that neutrophils constitutively produce both(More)
Human neutrophils can be induced to actively transcribe a number of early-response genes, in particular those encoding cytokines, chemokines, and the high-affinity surface receptor for IgG, FcgammaRI. Although little is known to date about the regulation of gene transcription in neutrophils, several indications point to a role for distinct transcription(More)
Because cysteinyl-leukotrienes (cysLTs) are major protagonists in the pathophysiology of human asthma, and because neutrophils are involved in the more severe form of asthma, we studied the potential for leukotriene (LT) D(4) to induce synthesis of the chemokine IL-8 through activation of the CysLT1 receptor. We found LTD(4) to induce IL-8 gene expression(More)
Cysteinyl-leukotrienes are involved in inflammation and act on at least two G-protein-coupled receptors, CysLT1 and CysLT2. However, the role of the CysLT2 receptor as well as its signaling remain poorly understood. Here we show that leukotriene (LT)C(4) induced the production of the chemokine interleukin (IL)-8 in endothelial cells. To further study the(More)
A growing number of neutrophil-derived cytokines have proven to be crucial to various inflammatory and immune processes in vivo. Whereas C/EBP (CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein) transcription factors are important for neutrophil differentiation from myeloid precursors, we report herein that they also regulate cytokine production in mature neutrophils. All(More)
LPS activates both MyD88-dependent and -independent signaling via TLR4, but the extent to which each cascade is operative in different cell types remains unclear. This prompted us to revisit the intriguing issue of CXCL10 production, which we previously showed to be inducible in neutrophils stimulated with LPS and IFN-gamma but not with either stimulus(More)