Patrick P. J. van der Veek

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BACKGROUND & AIMS Visceral hypersensitivity is a hallmark of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), but the relationship with clinical symptoms and psychological factors has not been fully established. We aimed to (1) evaluate these variables in a large cohort of IBS patients, recruited from both hospital and general practice, and in healthy controls and (2)(More)
OBJECTIVE Patients with ulcerative colitis in remission (UCR) frequently report irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)-like symptoms. Recent studies have pointed to the role of mast cells in mediating visceral hypersensitivity in IBS. We hypothesized that visceral hypersensitivity is frequently present in patients with UCR and is related to the quantity and(More)
BACKGROUND The upper small bowel is of pivotal importance for the stimulation of exocrine pancreatic secretion in response to a meal. We hypothesize that more distal delivery of nutrients into the small intestine will result in less activation of pancreatic secretion. MATERIALS AND METHODS Eight healthy subjects (3 male, 5 female; age 23 +/- 1 years)(More)
BACKGROUND Psychotherapy is effective in treating irritable bowel syndrome, but the effect of relaxation training, a brief psychological group intervention, is not known. AIM To determine the efficacy of relaxation training in a large cohort of irritable bowel syndrome patients. METHODS Ninety-eight irritable bowel syndrome patients were included in(More)
OBJECTIVE Sensory and motor dysfunctions of the gut are both important characteristics of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Several gut peptides contribute to the regulation of gastrointestinal function but little is known about gut hormone secretion in IBS. MATERIAL AND METHODS We evaluated perceptual thresholds and fasting and postprandial plasma levels(More)
PURPOSE Animal studies have shown that neurotensin stimulates colonic motility, but little is known on the effect on rectocolonic function in humans. This study was designed to investigate the effect of neurotensin on rectal and colonic motor and sensory function and colonic reflexes in humans. METHODS Motor and sensory function of the descending colon(More)
Motor and sensory dysfunction of the gut are present in a subset of patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Recent studies have demonstrated the presence of a recto-colonic inhibitory reflex in healthy humans. It is not known whether this reflex exists in IBS. We studied rectal compliance, perception and the recto-colonic reflex by measuring volume(More)
Serum tumor markers are useful to evaluate a cancer's response to treatment, for early detection of cancer relapse, and, in some cases, to diagnose malignancy. In this paper, we present two patients with significantly elevated serum tumor markers without evidence of malignant disease. An 18-year-old patient suffering from autoimmune hepatitis had markedly(More)
GOALS AND BACKGROUND Patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) have significantly impaired quality of life (QoL). We investigated the presence of dysfunctional cognitions, anxiety, and depression symptoms and their impact on daily symptoms and QoL in a large IBS cohort. STUDY A total of 268 IBS patients (Rome II criteria, age 18 to 65 y) were included.(More)
OBJECTIVE The pathogenesis of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is probably multifactorial with dysfunction at different levels of the brain-gut axis. The aim of this study was to evaluate an existing biobehavioral model of IBS symptom generation in a large group of patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS In 104 IBS patients, we assessed symptom severity by a symptom(More)