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PURPOSE To assess the use of ultra-high-resolution (UHR) optical coherence tomography (OCT) in the diagnosis of ocular surface lesions. DESIGN Prospective, noncomparative, interventional case series. PARTICIPANTS Fifty-four eyes of 53 consecutive patients with biopsy-proven ocular surface lesions: 8 primary acquired melanosis lesions, 5 amelanotic(More)
Over the recent years, retina specialists have enjoyed significant improvements in the surgical management of proliferative diabetic retinopathy including improved preoperative planning, vitreoretinal instrumentation and new surgical maneuvers. In this review, we present new tips and tricks such as preoperative pharmacotherapy approaches including(More)
PURPOSE Treatment for ocular surface squamous neoplasia (OSSN) has historically been surgery, but nonsurgical interventions are increasingly used. Treatment with interferon is efficacious, but evidence is needed regarding recurrence and complication rates in comparison with surgery. The objective of this study is to compare the recurrence and complication(More)
The interactions between migrating glioma cells and myelinated fiber tracts are poorly understood. We identified that C6 glioma cells can migrate along myelinated chicken retinal axons in a novel coculture, thereby expressing small GTPases of the Rho family and serine/threonine Rho-associated kinases (ROCKs). We found that the ROCK1 isoform is also highly(More)
Within a few decades, the repair of long neuronal pathways such as spinal cord tracts, the optic nerve or intracerebral tracts has gone from being strongly contested to being recognized as a potential clinical challenge. Cut axonal stumps within the optic nerve were originally thought to retract and become irreversibly necrotic within the injury zone. Optic(More)
PURPOSE To identify predictors of ocular surface squamous neoplasm (OSSN) recurrence after operative resection. DESIGN Retrospective case series. PARTICIPANTS Three hundred eighty-nine consecutive patients who underwent excisional biopsy for OSSN lesions at the Bascom Palmer Eye Institute from January 1, 2001, to September 20, 2010. METHODS Review of(More)
The immune system protects organisms against environmental and endogenous pathogens. By complex mechanisms, it regulates the homeostasis of inflammatory processes and tissue repair mechanisms. In the retina, these pathways can result in an irreversible tissue scar, which is related to malfunction and loss of function. In the aging retina, inflammation plays(More)
Pigmented conjunctival lesions primarily include melanoma, nevus, primary acquired melanosis (PAM), and complexion-associated melanosis. The incidence of conjunctival malignant melanoma (CMM) has significantly increased in the USA and Europe over the years, and it carries a very serious risk for metastasis and melanoma-related death. Conjunctival melanoma(More)
BACKGROUND Crystallins are thought to play a cytoprotective role in conditions of cellular stress. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of crystallin-β-b2 (cryβ-b2) and crystallin-β-b3 (cryβ-b3) on ARPE-19 cells in vitro and on the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) in vivo. METHODS The influence of cryβ-b2 and cryβ-b3 on the viability,(More)
A hallmark of gliomas is the growth and migration of cells over long distances within the brain and proliferation within selected niches, indicating that the migrating cells navigate between complex substrates. We demonstrate in the present study a differential preference for migration that depends on Rho-associated coil kinase (ROCK) signaling, using the(More)